16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (2022)

By

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, writer, and educator with over 10 years of training and experience as a professional horticulturist and gardener. She has a Bachelor of Science degree in horticulture, with an emphasis in landscape design and urban horticulture. She volunteers as a community garden specialist.

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Updated on 04/18/21

16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (1)

When most people think of citrus, the usual varieties first come to mind:lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruits. However, there are many different kinds of citrus fruits in the Citrus genus. The fruits, which aremodified berries calledhesperidia, come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. Most citrus plants grow best in full sun and in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. But some can tolerate a little shade, and some are a bit hardier than others.

The various citrus species will readily cross with one another to form hybrids. A great many popular market fruits are derived from crossing native citrus species.

While most citrus trees are good garden plants in the warm USDA zones 9 to 11, gardeners in cooler zones can also grow them by potting them in large containers and keeping them well pruned to maintain a manageable size. The potting soil needs to be well-drained and kept uniformly moist. Keep the plants outdoors on a deck or patio during the warm season, then move them indoors to a bright location during the colder months.

Here are 16 common citrus fruit trees for the garden.

  • 01 of 16

    Bitter Orange (Citrus aurantium)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (2)

    Bitter orange may also be known as sour orange or Seville orange. Most people find the fruit too sour-tasting to eat fresh, but this is an excellent fruit for making orange marmalade. Like most oranges, bitter orange does best in a Mediterranean-type climate—warm days and coolish nights.

    • Native Area: Asia ​​
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 8 to 30 feet, depending on the variety
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 02 of 16

    Blood Orange (Citrus x sinensis var.)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (3)

    (Video) 16 Common Citrus Fruit Trees 🧧

    The blood orange is a variety of the standard sweet orange(Citrus sinensis) known for its deep red flesh. The most common varieties are the 'Moro', the 'Sanguinello', and the 'Tarocco'. The red coloring is due to the high anthocyanin content, a substance common in many flowers but rare in citrus fruit. Blood orange trees are often grown in large containers and kept pruned to maintain a diminutive size. The trees are indistinguishable from sweet oranges—they have the same glossy green leaves, twisted branches, and spines.

    • Native Area: Spain, Italy
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11; may need winter protection in zone 9
    • Height: Up to 25 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 03 of 16

    Calamondin ( Citrus microcarpa × Citrofortunella microcarpa)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (4)

    Calamondin was developed as a cross between a sour Mandarin and a kumquat. In the U.S., this tree is used most often for ornamental purposes rather than for edible fruit. These are small bushy evergreens usually kept fairly short. The branches have small spines, and the orange-scented flowers become small fruits, about 1 inch in diameter, similar to a tiny tangerine. The fruit is segmented and is very acidic.

    This citrus is not tolerant of freezing or windy conditions. It is drought-tolerant onceestablished but needs plentiful water during the fruiting period. Other common names for this plant include calamondin orange, calamonsi, and Philippine lime.

    • Native Area: NA; this is a hybrid plant
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 6 to 15 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 04 of 16

    Citron (Citrus medica)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (5)

    Citron is one of the oldest kinds of citrus fruits and was used as parent species in the genetic breeding of many other important citrus fruits. It is often candied and used in desserts, as the citron is mostly rindand offerslittle or no juice. The citron is a slow-growing tree with leathery leaves and spines. White or purplish flowers give way to knobby, irregular fruit.

    • Native Area: Probably India (origins uncertain)
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 15 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun

    Continue to 5 of 16 below.

  • 05 of 16

    Grapefruit (Citrus x paradisi)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (6)

    The grapefruit is an accidental hybrid plant that first appeared in Barbados as a cross between sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) and pomelo (C. maxima). It has since become a very important food crop and is sometimes grown in home landscapes. Different varieties produce fruit with pulp in various shades of white, pink, or red.

    Grapefruit trees have long, glossy dark-green leaves. White flowers precede the development of fruit with yellow-orange skin. Grapefruit trees can tolerate brief dips below freezing, but they require good moisture and frequent feeding.

    • Native Area: Caribbean
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 45 feet tall
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 06 of 16

    Persian Lime (Citrus x latifolia)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (7)

    The Persian lime(Citrus x latifolia), also known as the Tahiti lime, is a hybrid plant of unknown parentage. It is usuallyseedless and is widely used for lime juices. This is the kind of lime you will usually see in the grocery store or used for a garnish on cocktail drinks.

    The Persian lime has denser foliage than most citrus trees, with rounded glossy green leaves that form a dense lower canopy. Clusters of white blooms in February and March precede fruits that are ready to eat by June through August. This plant is often grown in large containers, kept pruned to about 6 feet or less. Unlike many other citrus plants, this one has no thorns.

    • Native Area: NA; this is hybrid plant
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 15 to 20 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 07 of 16

    Key Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (8)

    Keylime is a famous species of lime (Citrus aurantifolia)that is also known as Mexican lime or West Indian lime. The fruit is sweeter than the Persian lime and is well-known as the base ingredient in a key lime pie.

    Key lime trees need rich, well-draining soil that is kept consistently moist. The leaves are glossy deep green, oval in shape. The fragrant flowers precede small green fruit, about the size of a golf ball. The fruits are usually picked while they are green, but they will ripen to a yellow color.

    • Native Area: Indonesia and Malaysia
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 12 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
    (Video) Citrus fruits
  • 08 of 16

    Kumquat (Citrus japoncia)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (9)

    Technically speaking, the kumquat(Citrus japonica)is not a citrus fruit, but it is very closely related. It was separated out into its genus around 1915 and formerly classified in the genusFortunella.The name kumquat means "golden tangerine" in Cantonese. The kumquat has served as a parent species for several hybrid crosses, including the orangequat, calamondin, and limequat.

    Kumquat trees have narrow, medium-green leaves and vase-like growing habit with a rounded top. Fragrant white flowers in spring lead to slightly oval yellow-orange fruit. This is a citrus variety that has better cold-tolerance than most; it can survive temperatures down to about 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

    • Native Area: Southern Asia and Asia Pacific
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11; survives in zone 8 with protection
    • Height: 4 to 14 feet, depending on the variety
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun

    Continue to 9 of 16 below.

  • 09 of 16

    Lemon (Citrus lemon)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (10)

    One of the most popular of all citrus fruits, the lemon tree is a durable, long-lived tree that is very sensitive to cold. For this reason, it is often grown as a potted plant that is moved indoors in cold weather. Lemons are broadleaf evergreens with rather sparse foliage. The leaves are oval in shape, dark green on the top surfaces and lighter green on the bottoms. The fragrant flowers are white and reddish pink, leading to the familiar fruits, which may be green as well as yellow.

    These plants can tolerate drought provided they do receive enough water during the fruiting period.

    • Native Area: Asia (exact origins are uncertain)
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 30 feet, depending on the variety
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 10 of 16

    Orange (Citrus sinensis)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (11)

    The orange, orCitrus sinensis, is the common name for the sweet orange that is the standard supermarket fruit. Two of the most well-knownvarieties of the orange are Valencia and Washington Navel.

    The leaves of an orange tree are elongated and glossy green, and branches are often twisted with spiny protuberances. The white flowers are fragrant, and the fruits require 12 months or more to ripen. Orange trees are very sensitive to cold; temperatures below 35 degrees Fahrenheit may seriously harm the fruit.

    • Native Area: Asia
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11; protection may be required in zone 9
    • Height: Up to 25 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun; may tolerate part shade
  • 11 of 16

    Mandarin Orange (Citrus reticulata)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (12)

    The mandarin orange(Citrus reticulata)has three classes: mandarin, tangerine, and satsuma. All are commonly eaten by themselves or used in salads and have a sweet juicy flavor that is great for snacking. The mandarin is a legacy species that served as one of the genetic parents for the modern standard orange.

    Mandarin oranges are grown as large shrubs or small trees that are nearly indistinguishable from standard orange trees. The leaves are oval in shape and glossy green. The branches are often twisted, with blunt spines. Blossoms appear in March and April, developing the slightly flattened round fruit that matures in about 6 to 8 months.

    (Video) 5 fruit trees that will have you eating for the whole year!

    • Native Area: Asia
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 25 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 12 of 16

    Tangerine (Citrus reticulata)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (13)

    Distinguishing between mandarin oranges and tangerines is a confusing matter, since they both belong to the same C. reticulata species. And the words "tangerine" and "mandarin" are sometimes used to describe all varieties of fruit within that species.

    In practice, the name tangerine is usually reserved for the types of C. Reticulata fruit that have red-orange skin. Some authorities see the Clementine as a well-known variety of tangerine, but others classify the Clementine as a hybrid cross between a sweet orange (C. x senensis) and the willowleaf mandarin orange (C. deliciosa).

    • Native Area: Asia
    • USDA Growing Zones: 9 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 25 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun

    Continue to 13 of 16 below.

  • Pummelo (Citrus maxima)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (14)

    The pummelo(Citrus maxima)is the largest of the citrus fruits. It is one of the ancestors of the grapefruit. Growing a pummelo tree should be regarded as something of a novelty, as it can take as long as eight years before the tree matures enough to produce edible fruit.

    The pummelo tree has a shape similar to that of a grapefruit tree, with glossy green leaves that form a dense canopy (this tree makes a good small shade tree). The fruits (when they finally appear) are very large—up to 12 inches in diameter, with removable rinds that reveal flesh that looks like that of grapefruit but which usually has a milder taste.

    • Native Area: Malaysia, Thailand, and southern China
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10 to 11; may survive zone 9 with winter protection
    • Height:10 to 20 feet tall; can grow up to 50 feet over time
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 14 of 16

    Tangelo (Citrus paradisi × Citrus reticulata)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (15)

    The tangelois a cross between a mandarin orange and a pummelo or grapefruit. The size depends on the variety chosen; they can be as small as an orange or as large as a grapefruit. Common varieties include 'Minneola' and 'Orlando.'

    A tangelo tree has the familiar glossy dark-green leaves and growth habit common to orange trees, but it produces fruit that has a bulbous end. The flesh of the fruit is very juicy and usually quite sweet.

    • Native Area: NA; this is hybrid plant
    • USDA Growing Zones: 10 to 11
    • Height: 10 to 15 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 15 of 16

    Ugli Fruit (Citrus reticulata x C. paradisi)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (16)

    The Uglifruit is the registered brand name for a particular Jamaican tangelo hybrid said to have been a cross between the bitter orange, the grapefruit, and the tangerine. The name comes from its unsightly appearance of the fruit, which is typically 4 to 6 inches in diameter with a rough, wrinkled skin. The Ugli fruit tree resembles that of a tangelo, while the fruit taste is somewhat sweeter than a grapefruit but more sour than an orange. Based on the taste, some people have suggested that the plant is a cross between a lemon and an orange.

    • Native Area: Jamaica
    • USDA Growing Zones: 8 to 10
    • Height: 15 to 20 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun
  • 16 of 16

    Yuzu Tree (Citrus junos)

    16 Citrus Fruit Trees to Know About (17)

    (Video) Garden FL TV | Episode #16 'Citrus Season, New Mango Growth & Fruit Harvesting"

    The yuzu is an upright shrub or small tree with pronounced thorns. It is usually considered to be a naturally occurring hybrid from China; it is sometimes categorized as C. ichangensis x C. reticulata var. austera. It is a semi-dwarf plant when planted in the garden, but stays under 5 feet when planted in a pot, which is common. Visually, the yuzo resembles other small citrus trees. Fragrant white flowers lead to unusual, knobby fruits that resemble large, deformed lemons. The fruit has a mild, lemon taste, though it is not often eaten fresh. Instead, the juice and rind are used in preparing Asian cuisine, includingdrinks,sauces, and sweets. The oil from the skin is also used as a fragrance. Some interesting recipes to try with yuzu include beef shabu-shabu,Modern Smuggler cocktail, andponzu sauce.

    This plant has the best cold hardiness of any citrus species, surviving temperatures down to zero degrees Fahrenheit. This allows it to be successfully grown outdoors across the southern U.S., up the Pacific Coast through Washington, and up the Atlantic Coast to the Carolinas.

    • Native Area: China, Japan
    • USDA Growing Zones: 7 to 11
    • Height: 8 to 12 feet
    • Sun Exposure: Full sun

The Citrus genus includes some of the most important of all food crops, and these trees can also make excellent landscape plants for sunny locations in warmer climates. They are fairly easy to grow, and, in addition to providing edible fruit, they are attractive specimens in the landscape. If you like the idea of plants that combine visual and culinary appeal, consider other fruit trees, such as the various types of apples (Malus spp.), plumbs (Prunus spp.), or pears (Pyrus spp.), all of which are quite suitable for cooler climates where citrus fruits cannot grow.

Growing Tips

Most citrus trees are quite easy to grow—if they have the right conditions. If you can provide these, you will find citrus trees easy, fun, and rewarding to grow:

  • Well-drained soil that is kept moist but not soggy; protection from cold (temperatures below 30 degrees Fahrenheit will damage the fruit of most citrus trees); and
  • Adequate sun—8 to 12 hours a day, if you expect to have good fruit. The idea environment for citrus trees is a Mediterranean-type climate, with warm, sunny days and cool (but not frosty) evenings.

Expert Advice on Growing Fruit Trees in Containers

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Sicilia A, Scialò E, Puglisi I, Lo Piero AR. Anthocyanin Biosynthesis and DNA Methylation Dynamics in Sweet Orange Fruit [Citrus sinensisL. (Osbeck)] under Cold Stress. J Agric Food Chem. 2020 Jul 1;68(26):7024-7031. doi:10.1021/acs.jafc.0c02360

  2. Li, Li-Jun et al. Citrus Taste Modification Potentials by Genetic Engineering.International journal of molecular sciencesvol. 20,24 6194. 8 Dec. 2019, doi:10.3390/ijms20246194

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FAQs

What is citrus tree? ›

Citrus Trees are part of the Citrus genus of the Rutaceae family. These flowering trees produce fruits of different flavours, mostly sweet, sour, with some of them having particular tastes not resembling other fruits. Some of the most known citrus fruits include oranges, mandarins, lemons, limes, and pomelos.

How do you identify citrus fruits? ›

Look for any fruiting that is occurring on the trees, because this is the easiest way to recognize citrus trees. Examine the color and shape. Grapefruits grow the largest usually, from pale yellow to pinkish orange that are round, heavy and average about 4 to 5 inches in diameter.

How do citrus fruits grow? ›

The trees are usually planted in sunny spots in long rows, making for easier harvesting. When it comes to growing citrus, it takes time. A tree will usually take about three years to become mature. Once it is, you'll get one harvest of fruit each year.

How many types of citrus trees are there? ›

There are over 100 different varieties of citrus fruits. Citrus fruits such as lemons and limes can be so sour, they make your mouth pucker. Others such as oranges are delicious and sweet with a slightly tangy taste.

What are the 4 original citrus fruits? ›

In fact, citrus originated in Asia and Oceania. The four original species (pomelo, citron, mandarin and papeda) were moved around the world through human trade and migration.

What are the 3 main citrus fruits? ›

The common citrus fruit, including lemons, grapefruit, and oranges, were all created by crossing these three original species.

What is the largest citrus fruit? ›

The pomelo is the world's largest citrus fruit. It's pithy, tangy, and delicious.

What is the sweetest citrus fruit? ›

Satsuma Oranges

Part of the mandarin family, satsumas are known for being one of the sweetest citrus varieties. The peel can be pulled away easily from the tender interior, making them perfect for snacking on-the-go.

What are the benefits of citrus fruits? ›

Citrus fruits contain many compounds that can help keep your heart healthy. Their soluble fiber and flavonoids may help raise healthy HDL cholesterol and lower harmful LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. The fruits may lower high blood pressure, another risk factor for heart disease.

What was the first citrus fruit? ›

Initially citrus fruits were valued and cultivated for their healing and medicinal properties, their intense fragrance and their ornamental flowers, and in the specific case of citron or pomelo (the first citrus that spread) also for the durability and resistance given by its thick albedo, the white part of the skin.

What are citrus leaves? ›

Most leaves of cultivated citrus consist of a petiole (variously winged or not winged) and a single, terminal leaflet. Most leaflets are somewhat toothed at the margins, although to varying degrees. The leaves of most cultivated citrus taxa are somewhat to strongly conduplicate when in full sun.

What is the citrus family? ›

All of the citrus fruits are from the family Rutaceae. This family is also known as the rue family and contains flowering plants that generally have a strong scent. The genus Citrus includes oranges, grapefruits, limes and lemons. These fruits have been cultivated since ancient times.

How do you care for citrus trees? ›

Citrus trees like full sun (8 – 12 hours a day) and do well with a southern exposure. Your trees will do best in frost- and wind-free areas where temperatures are between 55° and 85°F. Choose a light, well-draining soil mix. The best citrus tree fertilizer to use is a slow release, low nitrogen fertilizer.

How fast do citrus trees grow? ›

Citrus is a rather slow growing tree and it could take 10 to 15 years to reach its full height. A semi-dwarf citrus grows to about two-thirds the size of a standard tree. Depending on the citrus variety a mature semi-dwarf tree reaches between 15' and 20' tall.

Do citrus trees need full sun? ›

Lemon trees are low-maintenance citrus trees. As long as they have 4–6 hours of full sun per day, they will survive and live a full life. However, you'll get a much better harvest and tastier fruit if your lemon trees are given additional sunlight. Lemon trees should ideally have 8 hours of full sun per day.

What kind of soil do citrus trees like? ›

Citrus trees prefer sandy loam soil that drains well and contains rich organic matter. Preparing the soil is easy. Dig a hole that is about one foot larger than the root ball all the way around.

Is citrus a tree? ›

Citrus trees are fruit trees, but fruit trees are not citrus. That is, the fruit is the seed bearing part of the tree that is usually edible, colorful, and fragrant. It is produced from a floral ovary after fertilization. Citrus refers to the shrubs or trees of the family Rutaceae.

How many true citrus fruits are there? ›

History of citrus

There are perhaps only three true species of Citrus: Citrus maxima (pummelo), C. medica (citron), and C. reticulata (mandarin). All other citrus known today are hybrids of these three species, even those that grow true from seed.

What is a group of lemons called? ›

A: Lemon Herds" / Twitter.

Where do citrus fruits grow? ›

Brazil, China and the United States are the top total citrus fruit producers, growing grapefruit, lemons, limes, oranges and tangerines. In the United States, citrus fruits grown for consumption as fresh fruits are mainly grown in California, Arizona and Texas. Florida grows oranges primarily for juice.

What is citrus flower? ›

Citrus plants are typically evergreen trees or shrubs with glossy oval-shaped leaves; many species have thorns. The flowers are usually white with five petals and are very fragrant.

Is citrus a color? ›

Citrus colors are colors inspired by citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, limes and grapefruits. These are a type of berry that have a distinctive thick skin known as a peel. Citrus colors are mostly bright oranges, yellows and greens. They are commonly perceived to have the same properties as citrus fruit.

Is Mango a citrus fruit? ›

Mangoes superficially resemble citrus fruits, but are not the one. To put this in botanical terms, citrus fruits belong to the Rutaceae family. Whereas, the mangoes belong to the Anacardiaceae family. This is what differentiates mangoes from citrus fruits.

What is the best fruit for health? ›

Citrus fruits and berries may be especially powerful for preventing disease. A 2014 study ranked “powerhouse” fruit and vegetables by high nutrient density and low calories. Lemons came out top of the list, followed by strawberry, orange, lime, and pink and red grapefruit.

Are limes real? ›

There are several species of citrus trees whose fruits are called limes, including the Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia), Persian lime, Makrut lime, and desert lime. Limes are a rich source of vitamin C, are sour, and are often used to accent the flavours of foods and beverages. They are grown year-round.

Which is the smallest citrus fruit? ›

Kumquats are the smallest citrus fruit and are quite unique. Unique because, unlike all other citrus fruits, you do not peel them or juice them—you just eat them whole!

Is Kiwi a citrus fruit? ›

Of course not, but you probably knew that already! Thekiwifruit may have some similar qualities to the citrus fruit family, but it is classed as a non-citrus exotic fruit.

What is a pomelo tree? ›

pummelo, (Citrus maxima), also spelled pomelo, also called shaddock, citrus tree of the family Rutaceae, grown for its large sweet fruits. It is native to mainland Southeast Asia and the Malaysian portion of the island of Borneo.

What is the rarest citrus fruit? ›

According to Tsutomu Nomura, representative of the Tanabe branch of the Japan Agricultural Cooperatives, sanbokan remains a very rare citrus.

What are baby oranges called? ›

Clementines (A.K.A.

Clementines (some marketed in the U.S. as "Cuties" or "Sweeties") are very small seedless oranges and are much like tangerines in their honey-like sweet flavor.

What is the rarest orange? ›

Orange Opal

It is also known as fire opal. The rarest of them all is the orange opal and, that is why its value is extremely high. The good thing about this gemstone is that it ranges from transparent to translucent and can be faceted with ease to bring out clarity.

What do citrus fruits contain? ›

Citrus fruits contain carbohydrate, fibre, vitamin C, potassium, folate, calcium, thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, riboflavin, pantothenic acid and a variety of phytochemicals.

What fruits burn belly fat fast? ›

Here are some fruits that are known to cut belly fat:
  • Apple. Fresh and crunchy apples are packed with healthy flavonoids and fibres that may help burn belly fat. ...
  • Tomato. The tangy goodness of tomato may do wonders to cut your belly fat. ...
  • Guava. ...
  • Strawberries. ...
  • Kiwi.
Jan 19, 2021

What do citrus fruits have in them? ›

Citrus fruits are a particularly good source of vitamin C, with one medium orange or grapefruit providing approximately 70 mg and 56 mg, respectively. A 225 ml glass of orange juice contains approximately 125 mg of vitamin C (Whitney and Rolfes, 1999).

What is the citrus family? ›

All of the citrus fruits are from the family Rutaceae. This family is also known as the rue family and contains flowering plants that generally have a strong scent. The genus Citrus includes oranges, grapefruits, limes and lemons. These fruits have been cultivated since ancient times.

What is citrus flower? ›

Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae. Plants in the genus produce citrus fruits, including important crops such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits, pomelos, and limes.

Is Mango a citrus? ›

Mangoes superficially resemble citrus fruits, but are not the one. To put this in botanical terms, citrus fruits belong to the Rutaceae family. Whereas, the mangoes belong to the Anacardiaceae family. This is what differentiates mangoes from citrus fruits.

What are citrus leaves? ›

Most leaves of cultivated citrus consist of a petiole (variously winged or not winged) and a single, terminal leaflet. Most leaflets are somewhat toothed at the margins, although to varying degrees. The leaves of most cultivated citrus taxa are somewhat to strongly conduplicate when in full sun.

However, there are many different kinds of citrus fruits in the Citrus genus.. Most citrus plants grow best in full sun and in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 11.. Here are 16 common citrus fruit trees for the garden.. Sirintra Pumsopa/Getty Images Bitter orange may also be known as sour orange or Seville orange.. White flowers precede the development of fruit with yellow-orange skin.. Mandarin oranges are grown as large shrubs or small trees that are nearly indistinguishable from standard orange trees.. The pummelo tree has a shape similar to that of a grapefruit tree, with glossy green leaves that form a dense canopy (this tree makes a good small shade tree).. The tangelo is a cross between a mandarin orange and a pummelo or grapefruit.. The size depends on the variety chosen; they can be as small as an orange or as large as a grapefruit.. Common varieties include 'Minneola' and 'Orlando.'. The Citrus genus includes some of the most important of all food crops, and these trees can also make excellent landscape plants for sunny locations in warmer climates.

Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 25 feet. They can grow up to 25 feet tall and prefer 10 and 11 growing zones .. Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 6–15 feet. Growing Zones: 10–11 Height: 10–15 feet. Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 10–45 feet. Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 15–20 feet. Growing Zones: 9–10 Height: 10–12 feet. Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 4–14 feet. The Orange is a hugely popular citrus tree that produces the great-tasting orange fruit , which you can eat raw or drink in a beverage.. Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 10–25 feet. The Mandarin Orange is a small tree popular for its fruit that resembles a small orange.. Tangelo trees are popular trees that can get quite large and withstand colder temperatures than Grapefruit trees, so they’re easier to grow in some parts of the country.. The Ugli tree is a registered brand name of a Jamaican Tangelo tree that crosses Bitter Orange, Grapefruit, and Tangerine trees to make fruit with a wrinkled green skin that gives it its name.. The fruit is rarely eaten, but the trees are quite ornamental and resist cold better than many other varieties, making them easier to grow.. There are several citrus trees besides the common Lemon, Orange, and Grapefruit trees, and many produce great-tasting fruit.

Also, they have a lot of plant compounds that are good for your health, like anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.. To give you an idea of what that means, you should eat 14 grams of fiber for every 1,000 calories you eat.. Many fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, can raise the levels of citrate in your urine, which lowers the risk of kidney stones.. Citrus fruits might be good for your heart if you eat them.. They are healthy and full of plant compounds that can protect against cancer, heart disease, brain problems, kidney stones, and other diseases.

Here I describe how I approached figuring out the identities of a couple mystery citrus trees in my yard and in the yard of my neighbor.. The rind wasn’t as smooth as the Valencias I’d always eaten elsewhere, and the oranges almost never had a seed.. C-35 was described as having straight thorns and medium wings on the leaf petioles (stems) whereas Carrizo was described as having thorns that were absent or not persistent and narrow wings on the leaf petioles.. Here is the fruit, by the way.. We’ve always referred to it as “the mystery tangerine tree.”. There are a zillion kinds of tangerines though.. I cross-checked with the Dancy tangerine page of the UCR CVC and found everything aligned again.. This tree’s fruit looks like grapefruit except that the fruit’s rind gets deep yellow unlike any grapefruit I’ve seen.. But when I looked up Foster on the UCR Citrus Variety Collection website, I found that the description didn’t match.. In fact, it was so sweet that I wondered if it were any kind of grapefruit.

Kumquat Trees GrowingMore specifically, there are 100 different citrus tree varieties and around 60 species in the Citrus Genus.. Sweet OrangeWhile the sweet orange citrus tree also needs to be exposed to full sun in order to thrive, this is a tree that also does well in part shade.. There is something that sets the Owari Satsuma mandarin tree apart – it is the hardiest citrus tree among all the mandarin trees.. The lemon tree is arguably the most popular among the citrus trees, after the orange.. Like the lime tree, this citrus tree is especially sensitive to cold, so it will only grow when exposed to full sun and planted in well-drained sandy soils of a pH between 6 and 7.5.

The sweet orange has the Latin name of Citrus sinensis and originated between south west China and North- east India and has been cultivated in China for several thousand years.. Investigate oranges, clementine or satsumas in your fruit bowl and you will see that they will not ripen over time like bananas, mangoes or pears.. Sweet oranges are placed into different groups: Navel, common oranges, pigmented oranges and acidless or sugar oranges.. If you have drunk freshly squeezed orange juice then it is probably from the orange variety Valencia which is famous for being the juiciest and sweetest.. If you buy bottled freshly squeezed juice you can be sure that the juice will not be from a Navel variety, since Navel oranges are bitter when juiced.. Over the Christmas holidays have a look in your fruit bowl and you are likely to see some smaller orange coloured citrus fruits these are clementines and satsumas which have the Latin name Citrus reticulata and Citrus unshiu and are called ‘soft citrus’.. You will find that clementines have a dark orange colour and are very bright and when you peel them to eat you may find a few seeds.. Satsumas on the other hand are the easiest of the citrus fruits to peel as the outer rind is puffy and more loosely attached to the flesh, a paler orange in colour and are usually seedless.. The lemon, Citrus limon , that you can buy in the shops now grown in the Mediterranean region originated in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India and were unknown to the Romans and first taken to the Mediterranean area, Spain by Arabs around AD1150.. If you visit the Garden museum you will see that we have three lemon trees and for most of the year you will see the fruit is dark green and glossy and many people mistakenly think it is a lime tree.

This group produces citrus fruits such as limes, pomelos, grapefruits, oranges, and pomelos.. Citrus fruits are remarkable for their fragrance and are good sources of Vitamin C. However, the content depends on the variety of the fruits.. This citrus fruit belongs to the flavonoid group and with a scientific name of Citrus sinensis.. This variety of citrus fruits also belongs to the Rutaceae family and its scientific name is Citrus × limon.. Tangerine is a citrus fruit that is referred to as Citrus x Tangerina.

When it comes to citrus trees, most of us think of orange and lemon citrus trees, but there are so many other possibilities.. (ralfliebhold/artquest/zosimus/andreynekrasov/spring75/galitskaya/123rf.com) When looking for the ideal planting location for citrus trees, stay at least 15 feet away from all other trees and structures to give them the room they need to grow.. For optimal growth, plant in sandy or loamy soil with good drainage, as standing water kills citrus.. If you live in zone nine or below and wish to plant citrus in your garden, opt for easy to grow container fruit trees and dwarf varieties, as you can turn them into houseplants with grow lights in the winter.. Meyer lemons are sometimes preferred over other lemons, as they have a sweeter taste with thin skins.. If you start to experience bug problems, make a neem oil mix for lemon trees .. In zones nine and ten, you can grow Kaffir Lime trees outside year-round, but as dwarf citrus trees , they grow best indoors.. What makes the Kaffir Lime tree stand out among other lime trees is the distinctive, dark, glossy green leaves.. The leaves look like two leaves growing together, as the one leaf looks like it’s growing from the top of the other one.. The fruit of the Tangelo tree is a hybrid of two other citrus fruits – using a combination of tangerine, pomelo, mandarin, and grapefruit.. The flowers on this tree are fragrant and rest against deep green leaves.. Tangerines offer sweet, juicy, and pulpy flesh with a skin that’s easy to peel.. Its fruit tastes quite similar to the grapefruit, but its rind is thicker, and the bitter membrane is not edible.

While these citrus trees produce a crop of small, wrinkly fruit, many people grow these plants for their leaves.. There are many different types of Mandarin oranges, so make sure you look for a dwarf variety if you wish to grow these trees indoors.. The plants are moderately easy to grow indoors in pots.. Most types of citrus trees grow best when temperatures are between 60-85ºF.. While outdoor citrus trees are susceptible to quite a few pests and diseases, indoor trees are a bit more protected.. Yes, you can grow most citrus trees in pots.. With so many types of citrus trees to grow indoors, pick an orange or yuzu and get growing!

Fruit trees provide us with healthy food to eat, while creating beauty in our yards.. Adding fruit trees to our landscape improves the values of our properties, while helping to support an eco-friendly environment.. One full grown standard size fruit tree can produce a lot of. fruit.. Here are a few commonly grown fruit trees and the average amount of. fruit the produce per tree.. This can help alleviate. some of the cost of groceries throughout the year.. When you grow things in your backyard you know exactly what is going on or into the trees.. Plus, there may be a. psychological taste advantage with putting all that time and work into. maintaining the fruit tree.. There is a lot of work involved in caring for your fruit tree and fruit doesn’t magically appear overnight.. Adding various fruit trees just brings more natural beauty in the yard that makes you want to spend more time there.. I write a post on Building Relationships through a Gardening Community , that looks at ways gardening can build impactful relationships.. Many people allow their neighbors to have any fruits that hang off the tree in their yard.. To sum it up , even though fruit trees do produce amazing fruit, they provide us with so much more.. My hope is that after discovering the many ways fruit trees can be an important part of our lives, you’ll join me in adding a magnificent fruit tree to your landscape.. Please comment below on anything you’ve enjoyed from this post.

Hardiness Zones are the standards gardeners use to determine the best growing regions for their plants and crops.. Place the tree in the center of the pot.. You can amend your soil to reach the desired pH level, either adding sulfur to increase soil acidity or lime to lower overly acidic soil.. Citrus trees need soil that is moist but not wet to thrive, especially if they are grown in pots.. Water when the upper two inches of the soil is dry.. Meyer lemon trees start bearing fruit at different times, depending on how they were grown.. Meyer lemon trees will fruit either indoors or outdoors once or twice a year, with especially abundant harvests in fall and winter.. But if you have an indoor Meyer lemon tree—or an outdoor one that you bring inside during cold temperatures—you can assist with pollination.. Cut any branches that are growing toward the trunk to increase airflow between the branches.. Cross between lemons and mandarin oranges Chefs use the sweet-tart skins Self-pollinating Can bear fruit in as little as two years Will fruit indoors and outdoors Heavy harvest in winter Require consistent misting. In 1975, the University of California introduced an all-new variety, called the “Improved Meyer lemon tree.” That’s the one we know and grow today.. If you grow your Meyer lemon tree in a garden pot, it will grow according to the size of the pot and be smaller.. A grafted tree can bear fruit in as little as two years, while seed-grown Meyer lemon trees can take anywhere from three to seven years to produce fruit.. Caring for a Meyer lemon tree involves watering the soil deeply but infrequently and misting its leaves, promoting good soil drainage, allowing your tree to get at least 8 hours of direct sunlight, and more.. It depends on the acidity or alkalinity of your soil.

Learn to grow lemon trees in USDA Zones 8 through 11.. Botanical Name Citrus limon (Rutaceae)​ Common Name Lemon tree Plant Type Broadleaf evergreen Mature Size 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide Sun Exposure Full sun Soil Type Well-drained fertile soil Soil pH Slightly acidic and low in soluble salts Bloom Time Spring Flower Color White Hardiness Zones 8-11 (USDA) Native Area Asia Toxicity Toxic to dogs and cats. Lemon trees grow 10 to 20 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide.. Getting the watering requirements right with your lemon tree is crucial for a successful harvest.. Lemon trees are best grown in warm and humid states.. Like other citrus fruit trees, lemon trees are energy-hungry.. The Spruce / Kara Riley. The Spruce / Kara Riley. The Spruce / Kara Riley. There are three main types of lemon trees grown in the warmer parts of the United States.. Eureka lemon trees (Citrus x limon 'Eureka') : Along with the Lisbon lemon, this is the most widely available lemon in supermarkets across the globe and a popular homegrown variety.. Lisbon lemon trees ( Citrus x limon 'Lisbon') : This variety produces a juicy, fleshy fruit with few to no seeds.. Meyers lemon trees ( Citrus x meyeri) : Sweeter, or less tangy at least than the other varieties above, they are actually a hybrid cross between a mandarin orange and a lemon.. The different lemon tree varieties have different growth habits, and this can impact pruning requirements.. Of all the citrus fruit trees, lemon trees are one of the easiest to propagate from cuttings.

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