27 Popular Types Of Cherries: Varieties, Uses, Benefits (Photos) | Betony (2022)

There are people who do not want cherries, but we are sure that there are more who love it. We know the fruit as that small, heart shaped, red fruit topped in many cakes, patisseries, soft serves, beverages, and more.

But there is more to cherry than these because well, there are more than 70 varieties of cherries and in this post, we will give a rundown of the most popular ones.

So, if you are a cherry fan, enthusiast, or just plainly curious about how many cherries are there, sift through this post and enjoy.

Table of Contents

Types of cherries

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Sweet cherries

Varieties under this cherry type are best eaten raw because of their delectable, sweet taste. As trees, they have a pyramid shape and are small to medium size growers.

Fruits of sweet cherries commonly look like cherry tomatoes. Famous sweet cherries would be Bing, Stella, and Lapin.

Dark Red cherries

They are also referred to as black cherries because of their deep red, purple to black colors, and deep red to mahogany flesh.

They have the highest content of antioxidants as well as Vitamins A, C, and E. In the US, dark red cherries are primarily grown in the west coast.

Yellow cherries

When talking about yellow cherries, we are particularly looking at Rainier cherries. They have a golden yellow color with a blush of faint red. They are also very sweet and can be eaten raw.

Red cherries

Collectively, all maraschino cherries are now called red cherries. They are the crossover of sweet and sour cherries. Red cherries are bred to become bright red or ruby red in color.

Sour cherries

In contrast to sweet cherries, they cannot be eaten raw. This type is usually used for cooking and in making jams, preserves, and liqueurs. Most sour cherries are self-fertile and are generally smaller in size compared to sweet cherries.

Cherry varieties

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1. Bing cherries

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This is the most popular cherries in the world. It is basically our mental image of what cherries are, with that dark red color, and heart shape.

The farming and harvesting of Bing is used as the measurement for all harvesting of other varieties of cherries. They are firm, large, and very juicy with a distinct sweet and tangy aftertaste.

2. Lapins Cherries

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This one is a crossbreed between Stella and Vans. They are small cherries, with sweet and flavorful taste and a distinct hard red color.

(Video) The Different Types of Cherries | Fruit Talk! w/ Ross Raddi -- EP: 28

It is a sweet cherry which ripens two weeks after the Bing cherries are harvested. They are only available for at least three weeks in markets.

3. Tulare Cherries

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If you want the tartiest cherry with a tangy aftertaste, this one is the one you should try. When it comes to color, it highly resembles Chelan and Bing. It is considered as a second-generation Bing seedling and is massively grown in California.

4. Rainier Cherries

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This yellow cherry is not just sweet but also dreamy looking. It is two-toned, yellow and a splash of red, with mildly sweet flavor and distinct tartness in it.

They are mostly available during August. It is named after Mt. Rainier in Washington because it is where it is grown mainly.

5. Sweetheart Cherries

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This one is one of the latest varieties to ripen. It is firm, with a unique taste and crunchy texture that makes it good for eating after picking.

They are also used for canned cherries, jams, preserves, and cherry desserts. They are also very hardy, making them good for shipping.

6. Stella Cherries

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This one is an orchard favorite. Aside from its fruits, it also offers a beautiful floral display during spring and then another display of ruby red cherries during summer.

The skin is shiny, and the flesh is firm, and good to be eaten fresh or turned into jams or incorporated in baked goods. It is self-pollinating but if you have cherry trees around that are not, it is also a prolific cross-pollinator.

7. Lambert Cherries

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This is one of the largest cherries with an even ruby red color. They can be eaten fresh because of their very sweet taste and are also popular among bakers because they can retain their moisture even after cooking.

They are accessible all through summer with some varieties even extending up to August.

8. Chelan Cherries

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They are also known as black cherries native to the Pacific northwest. It is small, round, and firm, with mild sweetness. It has a very sweet smell and a deep mahogany red color. It has one of the longest shelf lives and is hardy to rain cracking.

9. Black Cherries

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As the name suggests, black cherries have a darker hue, almost black, compared to other cherry varieties. They are sometimes associated with chokecherries, but black cherries are way sweeter and taller.

They are usually used in soft serves like yogurt or sorbet. They are also popular for baked goods especially in making puddings.

10. Royal Ann Cherry

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It is often confused with the Rainier because of its soft red blush but biting into it would set the difference because this one has a stronger sweet and sour flavor and tangier aftertaste.

It is literally the ‘cherry on top’ for various drinks, desserts, creamy baked goods and one of the varieties used in making maraschino.

11. Van Cherries

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They are cold-hardy trees, featuring reddish-black, shiny skin. They are available during midsummer.

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They are a very versatile bunch that can be eaten fresh, or incorporated in desserts (sorbets), jams and preserves, baked goods, and savory dishes (which includes meats, herbs, spices, cheeses).

12. Montmorency Cherries

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This is one of the oldest cherry varieties, dating back to at least a hundred years from France. It is also considered as the most widely grown and distributed tart cherry used in classic jams and preserve brands.

It is also used for baked goods or can be eaten fresh thanks to its strong tarty taste. They have an even luscious red color, oval shaped, and medium sized.

13. Skeena Cherries

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This one ripens at the same time as the Lapin. They are large, firm cherries with dark red (almost black) skin. It has a very sweet and strong taste making it perfect to be eaten fresh, added in rolled oats, pureed for drinks, and for desserts.

14. Morello Cherries

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This one is a sour cherry used in making jams, preserves, as well as liquors. In the UK, morello cherries are considered as the most popular cooking cherries and have been bred for over four centuries now.

Aside for their culinary significance, they are also planted for their showy, durable blooms, and hardy trees.

15. Maraschino Cherries

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The term maraschino does not refer to the cherry itself but to a method of cherry preservation. Mascara cherries are soaked in distilled mascara cherries called maraschino liqueur.

Now, maraschino cherries are made from combinations of sweet and sour cherries. They are made as syrup or liquor and preserved to be used as garnish brandy, milkshakes, and are used for baked goods.

16. Coral Cherries

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This one is a crossbreed between Coral and Champagne cherries and often paired with Mazzard and Colt nowadays. It became popular over the last decade, bearing large, sweet fruits, widely grown in California.

It has a deep red color, with shiny, coral texture. They are good in building home orchards and in commercial production.

17. Utah Giant Cherries

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This one is a mid-season cherry that is dependent on other sweet cherries for pollination. The most popular cherries to grow alongside it would be Bing and Lambert because they bloom at the same time as Utah Giant does.

As the name implies, it is grown mainly in Utah and is larger, taller (16-16ft at maturity) and sweeter than Bing. Utah Giant cherries are mainly used for canning, baked goods, and fresh eating.

18. Attika Cherries

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If you need something hardy to surround your home orchard, this one is a good choice. Also known as Kordia cherries, they are long, heart-shaped cherries with strong and sweet taste. They originate from Czech Republic known for being resistant to rain cracking and are durable for transport.

19. Benton Cherries

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It is considered as Bing’s twin not only because they are both mainly grown in Washington but also because of lots of similarities.

But unlike Bing, Benton is more marketable because it is more resistant to various cherry diseases since it is a crossbreed between the hardy and self-fertile Stella and the Beaulieu which is known for ripening easily.

20. Cowiche Cherries

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This one has a similar growth habit with Bing and was developed at WSU using Lapins as mother plant at the same time as Kiona.

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It is known for its high sugar content, shiny, dark red skin, and pinkish red flesh. It is a late season cherry with the blend of strong and sweet taste.

21. Regina Cherries

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Bred in Germany in 1998, this one is known for its sweet, tarty flavor, dark red flesh and luscious dark red to dark purple when fully ripe. It is durable for transport as it is resistant to rain cracking and splitting.

It is self-sterile so if you intend to make an orchard featuring Regina, it is advised that you plant Van or Stella alongside it.

22. Index Cherries

This one is an early-season cherry notable for its dark red color and bright pinkish-red flesh. It is firm and sweet and grows from medium to large size.

23. Kiona Cherries

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It was developed along with Cowiche, has a similar growth habit with Bing but is less productive but more spreading. It has red to dark purple fruits which ripen 6-9 days after Bing. It is an early bloomer known for its sweet taste. It can be eaten fresh.

24. Santina Cherries

This is an averaged size black cherry known for its distinct sweetness and dark red, and luminous skin. It is oval shaped, bred in British Columbia in the 1960s.

It ripens early and becomes available in June. They can be eaten fresh but are also used in cakes and pastries such as cherry-based desserts, cheesecakes and pies.

25. Selah Cherries

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It is one of the newly bred cherry varieties which bear fruits at the same time as the Lapin. It was developed mainly for commercial production and as such, have larger and sweeter fruits and are more resistant to rain cracking and other diseases.

26. Stardust Cherries

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It is considered as a blush variety because it has hints of red, yellow, and cream-colored skin and white flesh. It is very rare in market shelves and is considered as the sweetest and first self-pollinating white cherry variety.

27. Tieton Cherries

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This one is an early grower, known for its large, mahogany red, and shiny fruit. It is considered as one of the three earliest grown cherry varieties from the Pacific northwest. It is used in making cherry cider as well as in baked goods and other cherry liqueur.

Sweet Cherry vs Tart Cherry

There are a lot of differences between the sweet cherry and the tart cherry. Some people get confused with these two so let us find out the major differences.

Color

Tart cherries are ruby red in color and will retain this bold hue even after it is harvested, refrigerated, and dried. Sweet cherries on the other hand are darker, leaning more towards blue or purple.

Consumption and availability

Sweet cherries are the ones consumed fresh while tart cherries are favorites when dried, frozen, or juiced. In terms of availability, tart cherries are available year-round while sweet cherries can only be seen in supermarkets for a short time.

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Taste

Tart cherries are also called sour cherries because of its distinct sweet-sour taste. On the other hand, sweet cherries are well, sweet and can get sweeter depending on the region it is grown and the climatic conditions of that region.

Health benefits of cherries

Both tart and sweet cherries are rich in antioxidants. These compounds are helpful in repairing damaged cells, immunity, metabolism, and in fighting aging. Other than these, cherries have a major contribution on the following:

  • It is packed with nutrients. This includes minerals, vitamins, fiber, Vitamin C, and potassium.
  • Rich in anti-inflammatory components.
  • Helps in fighting cellular damage and helps protect the body against risks of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and some types of cancer.
  • Contributes to faster muscle recovery and in relieving pain. It also helps in improving symptoms of arthritis as well as gout.
  • It helps in improving sleep quality. Researchers have already established that cherries are also high in melatonin, a chemical that helps us in getting good sleep.

With all these health benefits, it is another good news that cherries are very easy to prepare. They can be incorporated in hearty snacks and can also be tossed in full meals as well as juiced for refreshing drinks.

FAQs

Which country Cherry is the best?

The best cherries are said to be found in the USA, specifically that they grow some of the considered best cherry varieties in the world such as Bing, Rainier, and King, among others.

Sweet cherries are farmed and harvested in Washington, Oregon, and California while tart cherries mainly come from Michigan.

Where are cherries mainly grown?

Cherries are native to the northern hemisphere and in eastern Asia. But through the years, the concentration of growing cherries has been in Europe and the United States.

The top 5 countries when it comes to cherry growing, farming, harvesting, and distribution would be Turkey, the US, Iran, Italy, and Spain.

Do cherries have a lot of sugar?

All fruits have sugar in them, that makes them sweet and delectable. For cherries, research suggests that a cup of cherry, regardless if it is sweet or tart, would contain at least 18g of sugar.

So, even if it has lots of fiber, and other health benefits, you still must be wary about how much cherry you eat, especially if you have hyperglycemia.

Conclusion

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Cherries have a certain classy taste in them that make us go wild when we see one. They can be eaten fresh, dried, and frozen to be topped on rolled oats, added to fruit bowls, juiced, or incorporated in other hearty meals. Knowing that cherries come in different types of varieties brings our regard to this wonder fruit to whole new levels.

With these, you can now schedule cherry tasting, hopping from cherry farms to the next and familiarize yourself with these varieties of cherries.

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FAQs

How many varieties of cherries are there? ›

Although they're often simply labeled “cherries” at the grocery store, more than 1,000 varieties are grown in the United States! Each type has a unique sweet or tart flavor, making some better for snacking and others well-suited for pie and other sweet treats. Psst: Here's how to buy and store cherries like a pro.

What are cherries benefits? ›

Cherries are low in calories and chock full of fiber, vitamins, minerals, nutrients, and other good-for-you ingredients. You'll get vitamins C, A, and K. Each long-stemmed fruit delivers potassium, magnesium, and calcium too. They also bring antioxidants, like beta-carotene, and the essential nutrient choline.

What are the most common types of cherries? ›

5 Common Types of Cherries and How You Should Eat Them
  • Bing Cherries. Perhaps the most famous of them all, Bing cherries encompass the vitality of the sweet cherry. ...
  • Rainier Cherries. ...
  • Queen (Royal) Anne Cherries. ...
  • Montmorency Cherries. ...
  • Morello Cherries.
Jul 20, 2018

What are the best cherries? ›

Bing cherries are the most popular and most widely distributed sweet cherry variety. These large, plump fruits have firm, juicy flesh and a rich and vibrant sweet cherry flavor: they're delicious fresh and simple.

Which cherry variety is the sweetest? ›

But if you want to know which cherries are the sweetest of the sweetest, that would be any of the black cherries. Bing cherries are the leader of this pack, along with their siblings Lambert, Chelan, Sweetheart, and Tulare. You can recognize them by their dark color and heart shape.

What type of fruit is cherry? ›

Cherries are actually classified as a type of fruit called a drupe. Drupes consist of thin skin, a fleshy body, a hard stone, and an inner seed. They're often referred to as “stone fruits” due to the hard stone in the middle. The part of the fruit that you eat is called the mesocarp.

Are cherries good for hair? ›

Vitamin C in cherries helps strengthen hair follicles and prevent breakage from the roots. Hair also gets nourished and is less likely to split.

Is cherries good for health? ›

Dubbed as one of the healthiest superfoods, cherries have "the highest medicinal value because they are rich in antioxidants , are a good anti-inflammatory , and are useful in the prevention and treatment of gout.

Is cherries good for arthritis? ›

Studies, which often use the concentrated juice of Montmorency cherries, have found tart cherries may relieve joint pain in people with osteoarthritis (OA) and lower the risk of flares in those with gout. In addition, recent studies suggest tart cherries may improve the quality and duration of sleep.

Which cherry is healthiest? ›

Tart cherries are a healthy whole fruit that is high in fiber, potassium, beta carotene, and antioxidants. One-quarter cup of dried cherries has 15% of the RDA for fiber. Cherries also contain potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, vitamins A, C, B6, E, and folic acid.

What is the largest cherry variety? ›

This "Sweet Stephany" cherry comes from Salvi's experimental cherry garden in Runco di Portomaggiore (Ferrara, Italy), weighs 26.45 grams and is the heaviest cherry in the world, beating the previous record of 23.93 grams. As soon as it was harvested last June, this cherry stood out because of its large size.

Who has the best cherries in the world? ›

The name Cherry also denotes the cherry tree which grows to a hight of 9 meters. Cherries are indigenous to Europe and Asia and have been introduced in other parts of the world.
...
The Leading Producers Of Cherries In The World.
RankCountryProduction (in metric tons)
1Turkey480,748
2United States384,646
3Iran200,000
4Italy104,766
16 more rows

What Colour are the best cherries? ›

Lambert, Chelan, Sweetheart, and Tulare are other names to look out for. They are wonderfully sweet—almost like candy when eaten out of hand—and super juicy, too. Black cherries are best eaten fresh and tend to turn to mealy mush when baked.

What is a dark cherry called? ›

Also known as black cherries, Chelan cherries resemble Bing cherries in appearance but have a milder (though still sweet!) taste. A hardy variety, these cherries ripen early in the growing season and are resistant to cracks and splits.

What type of cherry is sour? ›

Montmorency, Morello, and Balaton are all sour cherry varieties. They're usually soft, and smaller than sweet cherries. Some are sweet-tart, others are so sour your cheeks pucker. Use them to bake pie, crumbles, compotes, salsas, and to top yogurt.

What color cherries are the healthiest? ›

Nutrition. Cherries are rich in many important vitamins and minerals. A serving of sweet cherries has 18% of the recommended daily value of vitamin C. Red cherries provide an even greater boost, delivering 25% of the recommended daily amount.

Is cherry Good for Diabetes? ›

23, 2004 -- Cherries may one day be part of diabetes treatment. The sweet and tart versions of the fruit contain chemicals that boost insulin, which helps control blood sugar levels. The chemicals are called anthocyanins. They occur naturally in cherries, giving them their bright red color.

What are yellow cherries called? ›

You might be asking what is a Rainier cherry? They're golden yellow cherries with a perky pink to red blush and a sinfully sweet flavor. A delicate fruit inside and out and a must to devour by the handful during the few short months they are in season.

Are cherries high in sugar? ›

The fruit sugar content of cherries is on the high end. One cup of cherries contains 18 grams of sugar. Since these fruits are small, it's easy to go overboard and eat more than you intended.

Are cherries good for wrinkles? ›

Some of the most important antioxidants in cherries might be the anthocyanins that are said to prevent from wrinkles.

Does cherry increase blood? ›

Cherries contain several nutrients that may help with blood pressure, including polyphenols and potassium. Polyphenols are a type of antioxidant that can prevent oxidative damage. A large 2018 observational study suggested that increased polyphenol consumption could lower blood pressure.

Do cherries make you younger? ›

Cherries are good for your skin because they keep it radiant and healthy thanks to vitamins A, B, C, and E. Anthocyanins, the antioxidants found in cherries, slow down the aging process because they fight free radicals that enter the body and make your skin look older.

Are cherries good for kidneys? ›

Fortunately, cherries are in general considered to be a healthy food choice,” he observed. “For our patients with kidney disease, we are frequently concerned with potassium intake. Cherries are reported to have a moderate amount of potassium, with about 10 cherries containing between 150 and 250 mg.

Are cherries good for your liver? ›

Cherries are not only good for your liver, but they can also be good for your diet. They're a low-calorie food that is rich in fiber, and they can be featured in a versatile array of recipes that you're sure to enjoy. You can use cherries in more than pies and ice cream sundaes.

Are cherries good for your heart? ›

May benefit heart health

Many studies show that diets rich in fruits are associated with a reduced risk of heart disease ( 12 ). Cherries are particularly beneficial in this regard, as they're rich in nutrients and compounds that are known to promote heart health, including potassium and polyphenol antioxidants.

Who has the best cherries in the world? ›

The name Cherry also denotes the cherry tree which grows to a hight of 9 meters. Cherries are indigenous to Europe and Asia and have been introduced in other parts of the world.
...
The Leading Producers Of Cherries In The World.
RankCountryProduction (in metric tons)
1Turkey480,748
2United States384,646
3Iran200,000
4Italy104,766
16 more rows

Are there poisonous cherries? ›

All members of the Prunus genus, which includes cherries, are poisonous. All members of this genus carry the same warning about the ingestion of leaves, twigs or seeds of fruit. These parts of the plants contain cyanogenic glycoside or cyanogens that are highly toxic and may be fatal if eaten.

What is the largest cherry variety? ›

This "Sweet Stephany" cherry comes from Salvi's experimental cherry garden in Runco di Portomaggiore (Ferrara, Italy), weighs 26.45 grams and is the heaviest cherry in the world, beating the previous record of 23.93 grams. As soon as it was harvested last June, this cherry stood out because of its large size.

What's the difference between Rainier cherries and regular cherries? ›

The Rainier cherry tastes slightly sweeter, is bigger and has a softer skin. Bing cherries are deep red in appearance are smaller and have a tougher skin than the Rainier cherries, they also have a lower sugar content than the Rainier cherries.

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