Common Mental Health Diagnosis in Children | Children Mental Health Disorders | ACMH (2022)

Common Mental Health Diagnosis in Children and Youth

ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is one of the most common brain disorders in children and can continue into adulthood. When children and youth suffer from ADHD they have problems paying attention, staying focused on certain tasks and they may struggle with controlling their energy level and behavior. Some children with ADHD are also hyperactive and may have trouble being patient and sitting still.

Additional symptoms or behaviors may include being easily distracted, problems with organization, failure to complete household tasks or turn in school work; trouble listening; making careless mistakes, forgetting things often, get easily bored and frustrated and talking a lot and interrupting.

For these problems to be diagnosed as ADHD, they must be out of the normal range for a person’s age and development. For example it is typical for children to be hyperactive or over-stimulated or fidgety sometimes but with kids with ADHD these behaviors are more severe and happen all of the time.

For more information about ADHD visit:

C.H.A.D.D. Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder at:

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders is a term for a variety of mental health problems that may cause children to be fearful, distressed, excessively worried and uneasy. All kids experience some level of anxiety while growing up and fears such as fear of the dark, monsters, or speaking in front of their classmates can be typical as long as they are not long-lasting, extreme or cause your child to feel very upset or have trouble functioning on a regular basis.

Children and youth with anxiety disorders may also feel irritable, restless, nervous and may even suffer from panic attacks where they may experience shortness of breath, a rapid heart rate, and sweaty hands. Physical complaints are also often common in anxiety disorders and your child may complain of headaches, stomach pain, or other physical issues. Children with anxiety disorders often feel helpless or powerless and sometimes have overwhelming concerns that everything is going wrong and that everyday things will turn out badly. They may have trouble sleeping and may try to avoid going to school wither because they are worried something bad will happen there or that something bad may happen to family members in their absence. There are several specific types of anxiety disorders, including:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Children with General Anxiety Disorder may worry a lot about everyday things such as family issues, how well they will do on tasks or activities, grades, friendships and they may have trouble controlling their anxiety. Children with Generalized Anxiety Disorder often want everything to be perfect and are very critical of themselves and their performance. They will seek constant approval or reassurance from others.

They may also isolate themselves form others, have frequent absences from school, and refuse to join in group learning or social activities. They can become be easily frustrated and often have a fear of new activities so they have difficulty joining in or getting started. Their constant preoccupation with ‘worries’ may make paying attention difficult and fear of being wrong, embarrassed, or having to interact may make lead them to isolate themselves, avoid activities and sometimes even school.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which children have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (often called obsessions) that make them feel like they have to perform little rituals (compulsions) in order to control their thoughts and feelings. Rituals might include checking and rechecking their book bag or door clock, counting and re-counting or re-arranging objects or repeating the same phrase.

Children with OCD may touch the same thing over and over, check and re-check things constantly or have the same thought over and over. When this happens they may not feel in control of their actions. Sometimes compulsive activities may become so time consuming that child has little time to concentrate on other things, they may avoid friends, family or school fearing that others will recognize their odd behaviors or try to stop them. Children with OCD may also be obsessed with perfection, have problems with concentration and even feel anxious or depressed, They may also have difficulty communicating their needs and letting people know what is going on and how they feel.

Panic Disorder: Panic disorder may be diagnosed if your child experiences at least two unexpected panic or anxiety attacks followed by at least one month of concern that they may have another one. Panic attacks are events that come on very suddenly and for no apparent reason.

(Video) Children's Mental Health Disorders - A Journey for Parents and Children

Phobic Disorders: Can be diagnosed when a child has an unrealistic and overwhelming fear of a specific object or situation.

Specific Phobias: A specific phobia is an intense, irrational fear of a specific object, such as a dog, or a situation, such as flying or being picked for a team. Common childhood phobias include animals, storms, medical procedures, heights, water, blood, and the dark.

Children will usually try to avoid situations or things that they fear; when they cannot they will feel overwhelming anxious and as a result may develop headaches or stomachaches, cry, be very clingy and may even throw a tantrum. Children usually cannot even recognize that their fear is irrational.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): is the development of symptoms that occur following a traumatic or terrifying event or experience. Children with posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD have intense fear and anxiety, after experiencing or witnessing the traumatic or life-threatening event and may feel fearful and anxious as well as ‘emotionally numb’, and irritable. They may often try to avoid places, people, or activities that remind them and lead them of the event

Other symptoms or behaviors may include flashbacks or emotional stress from reminders of the event, difficulty concentrating, being easily startled or hyper-vigilant (on-guard all the time), having frequent nightmares and even the denial of the event itself or the inability to remember it. Children may also seem start to act less mature, and may become whiny and clingy. Symptoms may come and go for no reason and moods change drastically and without warning, which may make it difficult, to know how to help.

It is important to remember that not every child who hears about or experiences a traumatic event will develop PTSD. It is typical for children and youth to be sad and or nervous after traumatic events, but most children will recover from these feelings in a short time. Children most at risk for developing symptoms of PTSD are those who directly witnessed a traumatic event, or who suffered directly as a result of it for example lose a family member during a fire or tornado, children and youth with existing mental health problems and kids who do not have a strong support network or people to help and comfort them. Violence at home also increases a child’s risk of developing PTSD after a traumatic event.

Separation Anxiety Disorder

When a child suffers from separation anxiety they experience excessive anxiety when they are away from home or their parents. They may also have extreme homesickness and refuse to go to school, camp and sleepovers and may demand that someone stay with them at night Children with separation anxiety commonly worry about bad things happening to their parents or caregivers while they are away.

It is important to remember many are toddlers it is typical for them to anxious when their parent leaves. And it is often common for them to cry when they are left with a babysitter or at day care but they usually settle down and feel better shortly after they get involved in an activity

Social Anxiety Disorder: Social anxiety disorder, or social phobia, occurs when children and youth have an intense, overwhelming fear of social and performance situations and activities such as being called on in class or starting a conversation If left untreated, social anxiety disorder can make it very difficult for your child to make friends, be involved in social activities and be successful in school.

Children and youth with social phobia may be afraid to do common things in front of others and have an overwhelmingly strong fear of being judged or getting embarrassed. This fear can be so strong that it gets in the way of doing everyday things like going to school or playing a game with friends.

Selective Mutism: that it interferes with interacting with others and making friends may suffer from selective mutism. These same children can be very talkative and display normal behaviors in places where they feel comfortable. Children suffering from selective mutism may also stand motionless and expressionless, turn their heads, chew or twirl hair, avoid eye contact, or withdraw into a corner to avoid talking.

(Video) Child Mental Health

For more information about anxiety disorders visit:

Anxiety & Depression Association of America, ADAA at:

Bi-polar Disorder:

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a serious brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, and activity. Young people with bi-polar disorder experience mood swings that can be extreme and may suffer from periods of extreme lows, or depression, and extreme highs also called mania, when the young person may feel very happy and be more active and talkative than usual. Young people experiencing mania may require little sleep, talk non-stop and show unusually impaired judgment.

A young person with bi-polar disorder may also experience irritability, racing thoughts, explosive rages, delusions, hallucinations; escalated risk taking, inappropriate sexual behavior, daredevil or dangerous behavior; grandiose beliefs; and be defiant or suspicious. Children and youth do not experience all of these symptoms and most kids have periods where their symptoms are worse than others. Sometimes bi-polar disorder can be especially severe and some young people with bipolar disorder try to hurt themselves or attempt suicide. In school, students with bi-polar disorder may need extra supports as fluctuating mood and energy levels may make it difficult to learn and interact with others.

Even though bi-polar disorder is a serious brain disorder, children and youth can mange their symptoms and be successful in their home, school and community with the appropriate treatment and supports.

For more information about bi-polar disorder in children and youth visit:

The Balanced Mind Network at

BP Children

Conduct Disorder

Conduct Disorder Is one of the disruptive behavior disorders. Young people with conduct disorder may bully or threaten others, lie, steal, fight, destruct property, and have low self esteem masked by bravado, and show little empathy or remorse for others.

Young people with conduct disorder seem to like to engage in power struggles; often react badly to demands from those in authority and may challenge household or classroom rules, refuse to do tasks or assignments and argue with others. These behaviors can significantly impair academic success and social functioning at school, in the home and community.


Children and youth with depression experience unusually long lasting sad moods and may lose interest and enjoyment in activities that they used to enjoy. Children with depression may feel hopeless, worthless, tired, and may have difficulty concentrating and making decisions. They may isolate themselves from others and be reluctant to engage in activities; have difficulty concentrating, completing tasks or schoolwork; and be exceptionally quiet and disengaged.

Signs and symptoms of depression in children may also include irritability or anger, increased sensitivity, changes in sleep or appetite and even outbursts or crying. They may also complain of physical ailments such as stomachaches and headaches. Physical complaints (such as stomachaches, headaches) that don’t respond to Children and youth that suffer from depression may even have thoughts of death or suicide.

(Video) Common Mental Health Disorders in Children

It is important to remember that even though depression is a very serious illness, it is also a treatable one!

For more information about depression in children and youth visit:

The Balanced Mind Network at

Oppositional Defiant Disorder ODD

ODD is also considered a disruptive behavior disorder and young people with ODD may experience sudden unprovoked anger, feel resentful or angry for seemingly no reason. They may also blame others for their behavior, argue with adults, deliberately annoy and bother others, and display defiance or refuse to comply with requests. Constant arguing and challenging of household or classroom may isolate them from their peers or siblings and make it difficult to learn or develop positive relationships.

Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders are illnesses that result in serious disruption to a child or young person’s diet where they might eat extremely small or large amounts of food.

Young people with eating disorders are often very demanding of themselves and suffer from low self esteem, depressed mood swings, all or nothing thinking, fatigue, impaired concentration and irritability, among other symptoms. There are several specific types of eating disorders including:

Anorexia Nervosa: Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that causes children and youth to obsess about their weight and the food they eat. Young people with anorexia will try to maintain a weight that is way below normal for their age and height by starving themselves and/or exercising excessively. Anorexia nervosa can have devastating and long-lasting effects on the body. Although it may seem like it, anorexia isn’t always about weight or even food. Focusing on body image and food intake are often done to exercise control over one’s life or to cope with emotional problems. Young people with anorexia nervosa often believe that their self worth is based on how thin they are and get really frustrated with themselves when they cannot get as thin as they would like.

Anorexia nervosa can be difficult to overcome and very scary for a parent but with the right treatment and supports young people can recover and reverse some of anorexia’s serious complications.

Bulimia Nervosa: or bulimia is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder. Youth with bulimia may secretly binge or eat large amounts of food and then ‘purge’ by throwing up or exercising excessively try to get rid of the extra calories. Bulimia can be categorized in two ways:

Eating Disorder NOS (not otherwise specified): when a child is struggling with eating disorder thoughts, feelings or behaviors, but does not have all the symptoms of anorexia or bulimia, that person may be diagnosed with eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) and may include


Psychosis is a serious brain illness. If your child is experiencing psychosis they may have a loss of contact with reality and may have difficulty distinguishing what is real and what is not. They may also suffer from delusions, or false beliefs about what is taking place around them or who they are, or hallucinations, which is seeing or hearing things that aren’t there. Psychosis can occur with a variety of mental health disorders including bi-polar disorder or schizophrenia and when a young person is intoxicated with a drug


Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric illness that causes strange thinking and feelings, and unusual behavior and mannerisms. Symptoms that children and youth with Schizophrenia may experience include: extreme moodiness, odd and eccentric behavior and speech, seeing and hearing things that do not exist, and severe levels of anxiety. Children with Schizophrenia might also be inappropriately demanding, dishonest, manipulative or bossy; have poor relationships, very little impulse control, and may often be superficially charming and engaging or be very fearful, confused or suspicious thinking that everyone is out to get them.

(Video) Parental Mental Health Disorders and Child Development

Although schizophrenia is a very serious mental illness treatment is available!

Substance Abuse

A young person is considered to suffer from a substance abuse disorder when they repeatedly use a substance that causes them to have difficulty fulfilling daily responsibilities at home or school, or puts themselves into dangerous situations that cause ongoing legal, social and interpersonal problems. Some young people use substances to self-medicate for existing untreated mental health disorders.

Tourettes Syndrome

Tourettes Syndrome is a neurological condition that causes children and teens and to make sounds and movements they can’t control and don’t want to make. These sounds and movements are called tics. Some common motor tics in children and youth include eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, head bobbing or jerking and neck stretching or they may be movements that look like hopping, twirling or jumping. Some common vocal tips include throat clearing, sniffing, shouting and grunting. In a small number of cases the words that are barked or grunted out are inappropriate and may include swear words.

Reactive Attachment Disorder

Reactive attachment disorder is a rare but serious condition in which an infant or young child doesn’t establish healthy attachments with parents or caregivers. Children with Reactive Detachment Disorder may be destructive to themselves or others, lack guilt or remorse, refuse to take responsibility for actions, blame others, and have extreme defiance and control issues. They often lack of cause and effect thinking, and may steal, make false accusations, be inappropriately demanding or clingy, have poor relationships, little impulse control, and may be dishonest, manipulative or bossy. They may also often be superficially charming and engaging.

With treatment, children with reactive attachment disorder may develop more stable and healthy relationships with caregivers and others.

Excellent sources for additional information children’s mental disorders:

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at

Child Mind Institute at

National Institute of Mental Health at

Psych Central at


TeenHealth at

Understand how to recognize warning signs of mental illness in children and how you can help your child.. A mental illness, or mental health disorder, is defined as patterns or changes in thinking, feeling or behaving that cause distress or disrupt a person's ability to function.. Mental health disorders in children are generally defined as delays or disruptions in developing age-appropriate thinking, behaviors, social skills or regulation of emotions.. It can be difficult to understand mental health disorders in children because normal childhood development is a process that involves change.. Mental health disorders in children — or developmental disorders that are addressed by mental health professionals — may include the following:. Warning signs that your child may have a mental health disorder include:. If you're concerned about your child's mental health, consult your child's health care provider.. Mental health conditions in children are diagnosed and treated based on signs and symptoms and how the condition affects a child's daily life.. To make a diagnosis, your child's health care provider might recommend that your child be evaluated by a specialist, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, clinical social worker, psychiatric nurse or other mental health care professional.. Complete medical exam Medical history History of physical or emotional trauma Family history of physical and mental health Review of symptoms and general concerns with parents Timeline of child's developmental progress Academic history Interview with parents Conversations with and observations of the child Standardized assessments and questionnaires for child and parents. Psychotherapy is a way to address mental health concerns by talking with a psychologist or other mental health professional.. Your child's health care provider or mental health professional may recommend a medication — such as a stimulant, antidepressant, anti-anxiety medication, antipsychotic or mood stabilizer — as part of the treatment plan.. Ask your child's mental health professional for advice on how to respond to your child and handle difficult behavior.. Reardon T, et al. What do parents perceive are the barriers and facilitators to accessing psychological treatment for mental health problems in children and adolescents?

Mental health issues can also sometimes lead to safeguarding and child protection issues, for example if a child's mental health begins to put them or other people at risk of harm.. We use the term "mental health issues" to refer to mental health problems, conditions and mental illnesses.. Abuse and neglect can also make children more vulnerable to developing more than one mental health condition at one time (known as composite mental health issues) (Chandan et al, 2019).. Children may not want to talk specifically about their mental health, but about the struggles and issues in their daily lives (Mental Health Foundation and Camelot Foundation, 2006).. Promoting mental health and wellbeing Anyone who works with children and young people has a responsibility to promote their mental health and emotional wellbeing.. Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) Across the UK, CAMHS is a free NHS service for children and young people that aims to help with mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, self-harm and eating disorders.. In Northern Ireland , the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 is the main mental health legislation which applies to children and young people under 18.. The Mental Health (Scotland) Act 2015 amended the provisions relating to children and young people in the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003, including providing services and accommodation for mothers.. The guidance covers creating a safe environment to talk about mental health and wellbeing, safeguarding children and young people, signposting sources of support and building teaching about mental health and wellbeing into the curriculum (PSHE Association, 2021).. In Northern Ireland, the Department of Education has published an emotional health and wellbeing in education framework , which provides guidance for education settings on supporting children and young people’s mental health and wellbeing.

Data from the 2005- 2006 National Health Interview Survey indicated that about 8.3 million children (14.5%), from ages 4 to 17 had parents who spoke with either a health care provider or school staff about their child’s behavioral or emotional difficulties1.. In 2009, Simpson, Cohen, Bloom and Blumberg describe the odds of having emotional or behavioral difficulties were described as being greater in non-Hispanic white children than non-Hispanic black or Hispanic children and greater in children living with single mothers as opposed to children living with both parents2.. While there are about 5% U.S. children with emotional or behavioral difficulties only a fraction are receiving the mental health services they require2.. There are several reasons that prevent children from seeking the mental health services that they need- the first being that seeking care for mental health carries a strong social stigma.. Essay Writing Service Children with mental health issues such as emotional and behavioral difficulties are often dealing with a myriad of problems.. Brooks-Gunn and Duncan (1997) described that children from consistently poorer families are more likely to suffer from internalizing and externalizing behavior problems than children who had never been poor3.. Given that the characteristics of ADHD are typically those of behavioral or emotional disturbances, the rest of this review will focus on literature that evaluates the role of diet in emotional and behavioral difficulties that are often used to define the diagnosis of ADHD.. Prior research examining the role of food in children’s mental heath generally focuses on sugar and food additives in hyperactivity and the possible deficiencies and supplementation in ADHD children.. Furthermore, a cohort study which examined “junk food,” described as highly processed with high amounts of refined sugar and saturated fats, and hyperactivity in 4 ½ years olds found that high junk food diets results in hyperactivity when the children were 7 years of age.11. View our services These investigations often focus on older children and adolescents, choose to investigate limited amounts of foods and do not necessarily address the dietary intake and differences of children with behavioral disturbances.. Given the increasing prevalence of children suffering with mental health issues, it is important to adequately identify potential dietary intake problems that can exacerbate these issues.

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by both obsessions and compulsions.. Obsessions are intrusive and unwanted thoughts, images, or urges that occur over and over again and feel outside of the child’s control.. Feeling that things have to be “just right.” Disturbing and unwanted thoughts or images about hurting others.. A child may also believe that engaging in these compulsions will somehow prevent bad things from happening.. Repeating actions until they are “just right” or starting things over again.. Mental compulsions (excessive praying, mental reviewing).. This then causes the child to begin having severe symptoms of OCD, often seemingly all at once, in contrast to the gradual onset seen in most cases of pediatric OCD.. The sudden appearance of symptoms is very different from general pediatric OCD, where symptoms appear more gradually.. OCD symptoms often remain hidden from family members (especially those related to bad thoughts, aggressive, or sexual obsessions).. As with any other psychosocial intake, a comprehensive clinical assessment should be conducted that includes the history of present illness, co-morbid symptoms, past psychiatric history, family psychiatric history, social and developmental history, medical and substance history, medications and drug allergies, and the mental status examination.. In addition, co-morbid illnesses that may require individual attention frequently exist among youth with OCD, including tic and other anxiety disorders, ADHD, depression, and eating disorders.. In the assessment of past psychiatric treatment, it is important to ask the duration, tolerability, and maximum dosage of every past medication trial.. Medical history: The medical history is an important component of assessment, including a review of currently prescribed over-the-counter and birth control medications (for adolescents), as well as drug allergies.. The level of insight and degree of judgment exhibited by the child or adolescent are also important to note.

If a doctor or mental health professional doesn’t take the time to examine the less obvious causes of ADHD-like symptoms, a child may end up medicated for ADHD when they don’t have it.. The CDC’s report on children’s mental health reveals depression is less prevalent in children, with only 3.2% receiving a diagnosis for this disorder.. Even though the researchers judged only 38.4% of the participants to have received a correct diagnosis of depression, nearly 75% reported they used prescription medications for their symptoms.. Very few people know enough about mental illness to spot incongruence between their symptoms and their diagnosis, and fewer still would question the judgment of their clinician.. If a mental health condition gets misdiagnosed or never diagnosed at all, the patient is likely to keep getting worse.. Mental health clinicians, on the other hand, must rely exclusively on reported symptoms and patient history.. To avoid a misdiagnosis, clinicians will consider all possible factors, and won’t shy away from considering some of the more complex conditions, rather than attempting to put a Band-Aid on symptoms with a hasty and incomplete diagnosis.. Parsing symptoms from one another and performing a comprehensive investigation into their origins is the only way for a clinician to provide a confident, accurate diagnosis for any patient.. For instance, someone with undiagnosed borderline personality disorder may receive an incorrect diagnosis of bipolar disorder due to the severe and intense emotions.. It is also quite common for substance abuse disorders and mental health disorders to occur in a patient simultaneously.. When a child continues experiencing symptoms even though they’re receiving treatment for a mental health condition, it may be time to try differential diagnosis.

Mental health problems in childhood can have a substantial impact on wellbeing.. Box 1: Data sources on mental illness Data on mental illness are sourced from the Second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (also known as the Young Minds Matter Survey ), and the Young Minds Matter Survey Results Query Tool.. Anxiety disorders were the second most common disorders among all children (6.9%), and the most common among girls (6.1%) (Figure 1).. Around 49% of children with mental disorders had used services for emotional or behavioural issues (50% boys and 48% girls).. Service use was highest among children with a major depressive order (73%) followed by children with conduct disorders (66%), children with anxiety disorders (54%) and children with ADHD (49%).. in families with 2 parents or carers were less likely to have mental health disorders than children living in families with 1 parent or carer (12% compared with 22%) (Figure 2) with their original families (with 2 parents or carers) were less likely to have mental health disorders than children living with blended families (11% compared with 21%).. Almost half (46%) of those with conduct disorder and 27% with anxiety disorders experienced no impact on schooling according to parents and carers (Lawrence et al. 2015).

About one in seven young people in BC—or 14%—will experience a mental illness at some point.. Mental illnesses can affect how well kids do in school and how they form relationships with other kids and adults.. Below are some common mental illnesses that affect children and teens:. Young people with a family history of mental illness New immigrants and refugees Aboriginal children and youth Young people who’ve gone through a major life change such as moving to a new city or new school Young people who have faced or witnessed trauma, including abuse Gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender youth Young people with substance use problems. The good news is that mental illnesses can be treated successfully, and early treatment can help reduce the impact of a mental illness on your child’s life.. Counseling: Cognitive-behavioural therapy —Helps young people recognize and change thinking patterns and behaviours that are not good for their mental health Family therapy —Can help you look at what you can do as a family to help your child through their mental illness, and manage behaviours.. Support groups: For teens, groups of others who’ve gone through or are going through what you’re going through (sometimes called peer support groups) Groups for family members of someone with a mental illness, including children, to meet other families in similar situations. Navigating the range of services in BC for child and youth mental health—including support from your child’s school, family doctor, and Ministry of Children and Family Development child and youth mental health team—can be difficult.. FamilySmart Visit or call 1-855-887-8004 (toll-free in BC) or 604-878-3400 (in the Lower Mainland) for information and resources that support parents of a young person with mental illness.. Kelty Mental Health Contact Kelty Mental Health at or 1-800-665-1822 (toll-free in BC) or 604-875-2084 (in Greater Vancouver) for information, referrals and support for children, youth and their families in all areas of mental health and addictions.. BC Partners for Mental Health and Addictions Information Visit for info sheets on child and youth mental health problems and helpful tip sheets on finding help and what to expect when you do find help for your child.. You’ll find resources for parents of children who experience anxiety problems, including video, information, strategies to try at home, and tips for talking about anxiety with children.. Their Children’s Mental Health Research Quarterly looks at best and emerging practices, evidence-based research, policies, strategies, and services that support mentally healthy children and youth.. HealthLink BC Call 811 or visit to access free, non-emergency health information for anyone in your family, including mental health information.

People sometimes use the term “mental health” to mean the absence of a mental disorder.. In this article, we explain what people mean by mental health and mental illness.. The WHO stress that mental health is “more than just the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.” Peak mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness.. Likewise, people without related genes or a family history of mental illness can still have mental health issues.. Although these cannot cure mental disorders, some medications can improve symptoms and help a person resume social interaction and a normal routine while they work on their mental health.


1. Preventing common mental disorders – a public mental health perspective
(Douglas Research Centre)
2. Mental Health Disorders in Children and Adolescents
(Wisconsin DPI - Resources for the Field)
3. Childhood Psychiatric Disorders - ADHD, ASD, OCT & Depression
4. The Five Most Common Mental Health Disorders: Bipolar Disorder
5. 10 Mental Illness Signs You Should Not Ignore
6. Emotional disorders in children | health & Wellness videos
(Speaking Tree)

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