Corns on the feet or calluses. How to treat them and how to prevent them (2022)

The corns or calluses They are a very frequent and well-known pathology among the population, in fact, around 3 out of 10 people suffer from them almost daily, but do you know everything about them? How are they classified? or how can they be treated and eliminated?

Corns on the feet or calluses. How to treat them and how to prevent them (1)

WHAT ARE CALLUSES ON THE FEET? SYMPTOM

The corns or calluses (also called plantar hyperkeratosis) are a response of our body to a excess friction and/or pressure in certain areas of the foot.

They are a thickening of the outermost area of ​​the skin caused by an accumulation of dead cells.

SYMPTOM

  • thick or hardened skin in a specific area.
  • Dryness.
  • Texture rough touch.
  • They can cause pain or discomfort when touched, rubbed against them or when we walk.

Corns on the feet or calluses. How to treat them and how to prevent them (2)

TYPES AND CLASSIFICATION: HARDNESS OR HELOMAS

Generally, and mostly due to ignorance, the population includes and calls “calluses” any “hard” lesion that appears on the skin of the foot. Therefore, to avoid confusion, it is important to know differentiate well all these alterations in the skin:

Within Callusesoplantar hyperkeratosiswe meet TWO TYPES:

1. HARDNESSES OR DIFFUSE HYPERKERATOSIS

This alteration in the skin is more extensive and shallow, and is characterized by having the rough edges and a yellowish color, which derives from keratin cluster in the zone.

Unlike the helomas(which grow inwards and are deeper), the hardness occur in the uppermost layers of the skin and generally do not cause pain or discomfort.

In the article “Hardness in the feet. What are they, how to treat them and how to prevent them” We analyze in depth this type of skin injury.

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Hardness or hyperkeratosis

(Video) Corns and Calluses Information and Treatment

2. HELOMAS OR LOCALIZED HYPERKERATOSIS

In this case, the alteration in the skin is more concentric, deep and defined, and depending on the area can cause discomfort or pain by touching or walking. On many occasions, helomas they are not so visible are covered by hardness.

Within the helomas we can distinguish several TYPES:

PLANTAR NAIL OR PLANTAR HELOMA

They appear on the sole of the foot due to friction and pressure on this area. present greater pain to rubbing and walking, since It feels like stepping on a "nail" in every step we take

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plantar heloma (afterenucleation)

“ROOSTER EYE”, “CHICKEN EYE” or INTERDIGITAL HELOMA

This injury is also caused by friction and pressure, but in this case the “causatives” are the finger bones when they rub against each other. Therefore, the "crow's eye" is located between the toes, more often between the fourth and fifth toes.

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Interdigital heloma or “crow's eye” between the fourth and fifth fingers

DORSAL HELOMA

They are those lesions that appear in the top of fingers due to the friction they suffer with footwear. They are very common in people suffering from pathologies such as claw, hammer, or mallet toes.

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Dorsal heloma on fifth finger

HELOMA OF THE FOUNDATION

This type of callus appears on the soft part that joins two toes. Usually painful and appears most often between the fourth and fifth fingers. In the article“Hellomas. What are they, how to treat them and how to prevent them” We analyze in depth this type of skin injury.

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Heloma of the fornix between the fourth and fifth fingers

AND ARE PLANTAR WARTS ALSO CALLUSES?

Although many people usually include it within the calluses, it is important to note that the plantar warts They are NOT a type of callus. This pathology is not produced by repeated friction or pressure. En “Warts on the feet. What are they and how to treat them? We tell you in detail everything about them.

Plantar warts are a viral infection caused by the Human Papilloma Virus.

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Plantar wart

(Video) How to treat corns and calluses

CAUSES. WHY DO CALLUSES OCCUR?

Here are some of the 5 causes most common causes of corns and calluses on the feet:

1. FOOTWEAR

the shoes of narrow tip favor the appearance of calluses, since squeeze fingers and be more together inside, in every step we take friction is constant and repeated. For the same reason, the heeled shoes They are also the cause of many skin problems like this.

2. SOCKS

The socks act as barrier between the skin of the foot and the shoe, but when we don't carry, the year of the skin (especially of the fingers) causes the appearance of this lesion. In turn, if the socks are misplaced (forming wrinkles or folds) also can generate friction and therefore calluses.

3. BAD TREAD

Not all of us support the same when walking or distribute the pressure in the same way. For all this, calluses are often generated and hardness in the same points due to an incorrect way of stepping. As we discussed in the next point of "Treatments", a biomechanical study of the tread It will be key to correct it.

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4. LACK OF HYDRATION

The skin of the heel is one of the parts most affected by the foot dehydration, since there is an accumulation of peeling and dead cells. In the post “Dry or cracked heels” We tell you everything to recover its elasticity and softness.

5. OTHER PATHOLOGIES

Pathologies like Juanetes, claw, mallet or hammer toes They can also promote the appearance of plantar hyperkeratosis by the pressure exerted by this deformation against the skin and the footwear.

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TREATMENT FOR CALLUSES. How to treat this skin lesion?

The first thing we have to keep in mind is that to treat calluses it is essential go to a professional to determine the origin of this injury.

As we have commented before, there are pathologies that can be confused with calluses, and if, for example, we treat at home a plantar wart (caused by the Human Papillomavirus) as if it were a callus, We aggravate the situation and spread the infection, since they are two pathologies of different treatment.

Although many people think otherwise, the treatment for the removal of calluses is painless for the patient.

The podiatrist will most appropriate treatment according to each case. The most frequent are:

PEDICURE

podiatric treatmentmost common for this type of alteration in the skin of the feet. Consists of the removal of calluses and alterations in the toenails, in order to avoid and prevent possible discomfort.

In this treatment, thedelaminationIt will be key to eliminate the accumulation of dead cells in the skin of the foot (hardness).

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In the case of helomas, this delamination will allow reaching deeper layers of the skin, where the heloma is to be treated. Thanks to specific instruments of the podiatrist, the heloma enucleation, that is, deep retreat.

CALLICIDES

Under no circumstances should calluses be treated at home, helomas o hardness with these chemical products (totally discouraged by podiatrists).The callicides they do not eliminate the cause of the problem, but they generate a wound and burn on the skin which aggravates the situation. We tell you everything about callicides and we analyze this clinical case in the article “Callicidas, are they recommended?”.

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(Video) How To Remove a Foot Corn or Callus [Foot Doctor Home Treatment 2021]

Patient with macerated and burned skin due to the use of callicides

TIPS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The podiatric professional will also help the patient tochoose the right footwear according to the way you step and walk, and in turn will take into account other pathologies that may affect you, such as deformities, diabetes, poor circulation, etc.

BIOMECHANICAL STUDY OF THE GAIT

Carrying out a complete biomechanical study of the treadit will be possible to determine the pressure points when walkingfor ourselves thanks to the pressure platform and, with somecustom templates, rebalancing pressures and powerunload those points of maximum pressure of the foot to prevent the appearance of plantar hyperkeratosis in the short and long term.

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SURGERY

In the vast majority of cases, calluses do not require surgical intervention. Some are susceptible to being intervened, but they are not usually the definitive solution. This treatment will be the last option, unless the specialist determines it.

PREVENTION HOW CAN I PREVENT THE APPEARANCE OF CORNS OR CALLUSES?

There are guidelines and advice that we can follow to prevent future calluses on the feetAnd including avoid that they are always generated again in the same areas. Some of them are:

FOOTWEAR

Must be comfortable and wide last so that the foot is not oppressed inside. It is important don't abuse them heeled shoes (remember, they should not exceed 3-4 centimeters).

Change and intersperse footwear regularly is also recommended, since many people wear the same shoes every day for months. This change will allow the foot to "rest" and will prevent friction from not always occurring in the same areas.

Corns on the feet or calluses. How to treat them and how to prevent them (14)

VISIT THE PODIATRIST

As we have mentioned in the previous point, the pedicure periodically and carry out a complete biomechanical study of the tread They will be key to the prevention of calluses.

HYGIENE

Proper hygienewill protect from infections both in the skin and in the nails of the feet. In addition, it is essential to dry them well after the shower, focusing between the fingers.

HYDRATION

applying every night specific creams for feet, like U20 Podoactive cream, we will be able to stop the appearance of many skin lesions. It is important to influence the heels and give a massage for complete absorption.

PUMICE

This element allows us to exfoliate dead skin, with the aim ofprevent the appearance of hardness. It is essential to do sosuperficial, and in case of any irritation or injury go to the professional. In the article"Pumice. 6 tips to use it on your feet correctly”we tell you all about it.

Using a pumice stone for your feet is not a treatment, but a complement.

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AND… ARE CALLUSES GOOD FOR THE FEET? DO THEY HAVE ADVANTAGES?

According to a recent study conducted among the Biomedical Engineering faculty at Harvard University and Liverpool University discusses, among other issues, that calluses have a beneficial effect on the feet of those who walk barefoot, since they do not compromise sensitivity or gait, while footwear can reduce the ability to perceive stimuli.

According to the study, having thick calluses offers protection similar to that of most shoes currently in use.

Víctor Alfaro, general director of Podoactiva and an expert in podiatry and biomechanics, analyzes these and other statements of the study in depth to know if calluses on the feet are really beneficial. you can read it on “Are calluses good for feet?”

(Video) Home Remedies for Corns and Calluses

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Photo-montage taken from the analyzed article: "The advantages of having calluses on the feet" of El País

Ultimately, although the Calluses are a very common problem among people, not for that we should downplay it. They are not serious, but when these lesions appear on the feet they are indicating that something is wrong (either the footwear, the way of walking, etc.). Therefore, we advise you to visit a podiatrist to assess why this foot injury appears.

Do you think you may have corns or calluses? En partners we can help you. consult your podoactiva clinic nearestHEREor contact us at974 231 280or Traves deinfo@podoactiva.com.

Ana Carbo and Antonio Gomez

Podoactiva podiatrists

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(Video) Corns & Calluses - Symptoms & How To Get Rid Of Them

FAQs

Corns on the feet or calluses. How to treat them and how to prevent them? ›

If you have no underlying health problems, try these suggestions to help clear up a corn or callus:
  1. Soak your hands or feet. Soaking corns and calluses in warm, soapy water softens them. ...
  2. Thin thickened skin. ...
  3. Use corn pads. ...
  4. Moisturize your skin. ...
  5. Wear comfortable shoes and socks.
May 10, 2022

How do you prevent getting corns? ›

How to prevent corns
  1. Get shoes and socks that fit properly. To get the right fit, ask a clerk to measure your foot, and then choose shoes that aren't too loose or too tight. ...
  2. Trim your toenails. ...
  3. Use corn pads. ...
  4. Keep your feet clean. ...
  5. Keep your feet moisturized.

How do you get corns on your feet? ›

Corns and calluses develop from repeated friction, rubbing or irritation and pressure on the skin. The most common cause is shoes that don't fit properly. With a little bit of attention and care, most cases of corns or calluses can be prevented.

How do you treat corns on your feet? ›

Soaking corns and calluses in warm, soapy water softens them. This can make it easier to remove the thickened skin. Thin thickened skin. Once you've softened the affected skin, rub the corn or callus with a pumice stone, nail file, emery board or washcloth.

How do you prevent calluses when walking? ›

5 Ways to Prevent Corns and Calluses
  1. Trim your nails correctly. Overly long toenails can force your feet into abnormal positions, increasing the friction that causes corns and calluses to form. ...
  2. Support your feet with the right shoes. ...
  3. Never forget your socks. ...
  4. Pad yourself. ...
  5. Pay attention to other foot problems.

How do I permanently get rid of calluses on my feet? ›

Try salicylic acid: Choose an over-the-counter 17% salicylic acid product. Apply to the callus for three to seven days in a row. You should not use this product if you have underlying medical issues. Apply moisturizing cream or lotion: Find a product with or without salicylic acid, ammonium lactate, or urea.

What is best for callus removing? ›

A pumice stone is the most classic callus remover of all time, and this is one great option.

How do you get rid of calluses on your feet overnight? ›

Try applying heavy moisturizing creams or petroleum jelly, such as Vaseline, to callused areas and leaving it on overnight. This can help soften the calluses and prevent the skin from drying out. Wearing cotton gloves or socks after moisturizing can also help protect the area and lock in moisture while sleeping.

Can apple cider vinegar get rid of corns? ›

Soaking your feet in apple cider vinegar will help soften your skin and get rid of corns on your feet. You should rub a dab of castor oil on your corns after soaking your feet, in order to help get rid of them.

How does apple cider vinegar remove corns from toes? ›

Crush five or six uncoated aspirin tablets and mix with equal parts apple cider vinegar and water. Once you've added enough to form a paste, rub it onto a corn or callus, using a bandage to hold it in place. After at least ten minutes, the bump should be loose enough to gently rub off with a pumice stone.

How long does it take for a corn to go away? ›

Remedies and Removal - Treatment for Corns

When treated, corns usually take about two to four weeks to disappear. In all cases, taking care of your feet, washing and drying them well and moisturising them regularly helps.

What causes foot calluses? ›

Corns and calluses are caused by pressure or rubbing of the skin on the hands or feet. For example, from: wearing high heels, uncomfortable shoes or shoes that are the wrong size. not wearing socks with shoes.

What causes callus? ›

Corns and calluses are thick layers of skin. They are caused by repeated pressure or friction at the spot where the corn or callus develops. Corns and calluses form on the skin because of repeated pressure or friction. A corn is a small, tender area of thickened skin that occurs on the top or side of a toe.

What is the best medicine for foot corn? ›

Use a moisturizing lotion or cream with salicylic acid. Salicylic acid dissolves the keratin protein that makes up the corn and the surrounding dead skin. However, salicylic acid is generally not recommended for people with diabetes, poor circulation, or frail skin.

How do you get rid of calluses on your feet without a pumice stone? ›

(Aquaphor or even good old-fashioned Vaseline are great options). To really get it to work, slather it on before bed and pull on a pair of socks. To soften calluses on your hands, rub on a thick hand cream such as O'Keeffe's Working Hands before bed and pull on cotton gloves to let it soak in overnight.

How do you prevent hand calluses? ›

Here are 5 ways to prevent and treat hand calluses.
  1. Wear gloves to protect your hands. If you're in the gym, gardening, or working with your hands and forcing your digits to do a lot of work, wear gloves. ...
  2. Use chalk to keep hands dry during workouts. ...
  3. Adjust your grip. ...
  4. File down calluses. ...
  5. Treat torn calluses right away.
Jun 15, 2022

Do socks prevent calluses? ›

How do I prevent calluses? Foot calluses can be prevented by wearing proper socks and shoes, including proper fitting footwear both width and lengthwise. Ensuring that worn shoes are repaired and replaced regularly can give your skin some protection from the shock of walking on hard surfaces.

Does not wearing socks cause calluses? ›

Unfortunately, it can be a cause for developing calluses if you go barefoot outdoors a lot or go barefoot on rough ground like pavement. If you have a foot deformity like flat feet, high arches, hammertoes, and so on, you can expect even worse calluses to form.

Does walking barefoot make calluses? ›

Don't fear those calluses, though. New research has revealed that foot calluses — thickened skin that forms naturally when one walks barefoot — have evolved to protect the feet and provide for comfortable walking in perhaps ways that shoes can't match.

Does hydrogen peroxide help dry feet? ›

To make my Silky Smooth Foot Soak: In a large basin, combine warm water, apple cider vinegar and hydrogen peroxide. When the vinegar and peroxide are combined at full strength, it creates peracetic acid. This acid helps to loosen and soften all the dry skin on your feet.

How do you make a homemade callus remover? ›

Mix together a solution of four parts water and one part apple cider vinegar and soak your callus for about 20 minutes. When you remove your skin from this soak, you may be able to better peel a layer or two of the callus off. Don't pull too hard, and try to be patient.

What do podiatrist use to remove calluses? ›

The primary method of how do podiatrists remove calluses is with a sterile surgical blade. Slowly and methodically, the podiatrist moves the blade across the callused area. One layer of dead skin is removed with each passing of the surgical blade.

Do pedicures get rid of calluses? ›

In a usual pedicure, nail technicians theoretically and practically do both callussoftening and removing because they do not just apply the callus softener and leave it on the client for the product to dissolve or peel the callus at home as with a callus remover.

Is coconut oil good for calluses on your feet? ›

Using coconut oil for your feet after strenuous activities can help as a preventative step before they form or can soften existing calluses so they don't crack or bleed. Coconut Oil helps create a protective moisture-retaining barrier and acts as a natural salve so apply it as often needed.

How do I permanently get rid of calluses on my feet? ›

Try salicylic acid: Choose an over-the-counter 17% salicylic acid product. Apply to the callus for three to seven days in a row. You should not use this product if you have underlying medical issues. Apply moisturizing cream or lotion: Find a product with or without salicylic acid, ammonium lactate, or urea.

How do I permanently get rid of hard skin on my feet? ›

How do I remove hard skin?
  1. Soak the area of hard skin in warm water for 10 minutes. This will help to soften the skin, making it easier to remove.
  2. Gently apply a pumice stone or large nail file to the area. ...
  3. Follow up with moisturizer to soothe the skin.
Jul 27, 2018

Why does the hard skin on my feet keep coming back? ›

Plantar hyperkeratosis typically occurs when areas of the sole are put under too much pressure (for example, if ill-fitting shoes rub and pinch your feet). Excessive pressure triggers excessive keratin production, which results in the excessive thickening of the skin.

Why are my shoes giving me calluses? ›

Loose shoes can likewise lead to friction that makes calluses form. Shoes with unusual seems can also rub against the skin to cause a callus. When you consistently wear shoes without socks, you're also more prone to the development of calluses. Ill-fitting socks can also cause rubbing and the resulting calluses.

Does hydrogen peroxide help dry feet? ›

To make my Silky Smooth Foot Soak: In a large basin, combine warm water, apple cider vinegar and hydrogen peroxide. When the vinegar and peroxide are combined at full strength, it creates peracetic acid. This acid helps to loosen and soften all the dry skin on your feet.

What is a good callus remover? ›

A pumice stone is the most classic callus remover of all time, and this is one great option.

How do you get rid of corns on your feet overnight? ›

Use Aloe Overnight

Another great overnight callus or corn treatment is aloe! This remedy works best with an aloe leaf, but you can also use 100 percent pure aloe gel. Cut a small piece from the plant, slice it open, and apply it flesh-side down to the callus. Cover with a bandage, and leave it until morning.

What happens when you pour vinegar on your feet? ›

Because vinegar is antimicrobial, soaking the feet in a vinegar bath for 10 to 20 minutes may help to kill the bacteria or fungi contributing towards foot odor. Clean the feet with a regular, soft soap before and after soaking.

How do I keep my feet healthy as I age? ›

How to care for aging feet
  1. Wash and thoroughly dry your feet for good hygiene.
  2. Wear a fresh clean pair of socks and change them daily.
  3. Keep the insides and outsides of your shoes clean.
  4. Rotate your shoes — don't wear the same pair two days in a row.
  5. Wear properly fitted shoes.

What is the best thing to soak your feet in? ›

Epsom salts are the classic staple of a foot soak, aid to help with everything from arthritis to plain old swollen feet. The salts break down into magnesium and sulfate in water, and some believe that these minerals can be soaked in through the skin for the body's benefit.

How can I make my feet soft and callous free? ›

But there are some things you can do to help them go away more quickly:
  1. Wear thick socks to protect your skin.
  2. Rub your callus with a pumice stone while you're in the bath or shower.
  3. Use corn pads to relieve pressure.
  4. Apply salicylic acid to help dissolve corns and calluses. ...
  5. Wear prescription foot orthotics.
May 12, 2021

What does a corn look like when it comes out? ›

The corns are usually small and circular, with a clearly defined center that can be hard or soft. Hard corns tend to be small. They occur in areas of firm, hard skin, where the skin has thickened or where there are calluses, and in bony areas of the foot.

Why does a corn keep coming back? ›

Rubbing, friction and mainly pressure are the reasons for corns developing and reoccurring. Anything that increases this friction and pressure will increase your risk of developing corns.

Does not wearing socks cause calluses? ›

Unfortunately, it can be a cause for developing calluses if you go barefoot outdoors a lot or go barefoot on rough ground like pavement. If you have a foot deformity like flat feet, high arches, hammertoes, and so on, you can expect even worse calluses to form.

Do socks prevent calluses? ›

How do I prevent calluses? Foot calluses can be prevented by wearing proper socks and shoes, including proper fitting footwear both width and lengthwise. Ensuring that worn shoes are repaired and replaced regularly can give your skin some protection from the shock of walking on hard surfaces.

Does wearing socks cause corns? ›

The general rules for socks that relieve corn pressure are: Wear them! Many people opt to go sockless in the summertime—a prime reason they develop painful corns. Socks allow for padding between the shoe material and your foot; without it, your toes are likely to rub against the seams inside your shoes.

Videos

1. Callus and Corn Treatment at Home - Sanela Care - Dr. Sireesha Battula
(SANELAHEALTH)
2. Permanent Callus and Corn Removal - Is It Possible? | Seattle Podiatrist
(Foot & Ankle Center of Washington)
3. 30 Second Solutions - Callus Remover
(DoctorOz)
4. Painful Callus Second Metatarsal - Causes & Orthotic Treatment
(SLO Motion Shoes)
5. Simple Trick for Corns on Feet *Home Cure*
(Michigan Foot Doctors)
6. Foot Callous? This Product is AWESOME!
(Bob & Brad)

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