Many people experience sweaty feet occasionally. However, for some people excessive foot sweating is a persisting problem which can be both difficult to manage and embarrassing. It may lead to smelly feet, and nobody likes stinky feet. This leaflet explains why feet sweat (which is normal) and how to stop your feet from being sweaty or smelly.
Why does sweating make feet smelly?
Sweat doesn't smell bad when it's produced. However, if sweat remains on skin (such as when it can't evaporate in warm conditions - for example, when trainers with non-'breathable' linings are worn), skin germs (bacteria) break down the sweat. This produces the characteristic smell of sweaty feet. We probably all remember this smell from school changing rooms.
Sweating is normal, but nobody wants stinky feet. Sweat is more likely to become smelly if:
- You are on your feet all day, particularly in a warm environment.
- You are under a lot of stress.
- Your shoes are tight so sweat can't evaporate.
- Your shoes are made of material that doesn't allow sweat evaporation.
- Poor hygiene can play a part too - for example, washing your feet infrequently or not changing socks can allow bacteria to thrive.
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How can I stop my feet from being sweaty and smelly?
Fortunately there are lots of remedies and strategies which can help to stop you having smelly sweaty feet.
Foot care strategies
- Wash feet daily with soap and water and dry thoroughly - especially dry carefully between the toes where skin can easily become soggy and germs (bacteria) can breed. Make sure your feet are dry before putting socks and shoes on.
- Keep toenails short and clean.
- Remove hard skin from the soles of your feet - it can become soggy when damp, becoming a place for germs to grow.
The best socks for smelly feet
- Wear fresh socks every day. Change them more than once a day if necessary, particularly if you have done some form of exercise which made you sweat, or walked a long way.
- Wear absorbent socks made of natural fibre, or socks designed to absorb moisture. Socks made of wool, cotton or a mixture of these are thought to be the best socks if you have sweaty feet.
- Avoid nylon socks.
- 'Sports socks' are often designed to absorb sweat.
The best shoes for smelly feet
- Avoid shoes made of synthetic material.
- Avoid tight-fitting shoes - aim for shoes which allow air to circulate, including sandals and open-toed shoes.
- Alternate your shoes daily to allow them to dry thoroughly. Airing or alternating insoles can help.
Foot products which might help smelly or sweaty feet
- Antiperspirant reduces sweating by mechanically blocking the sweat ducts. Antiperspirant consists mainly of various aluminium salts dissolved in alcohol and mixed with essential oils. Antiperspirants can be used on your feet. Strong antiperspirants for excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) containing aluminium chloride are available over the counter. These come as a roll-on solution, spray or dusting powder. They are used once a day until the problem improves (usually for about a week), then as needed.
- Consider using an antifungal foot spray or powder at night.
- Consider using medicated insoles, which act as deodorant.
- Consider using an antibacterial soap for your feet, available from pharmacies. (For example, Hibiscrub®.)
For those with excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis), a treatment called iontophoresis is occasionally used. This is a treatment that uses electrical stimulation. This is normally a procedure done in a specialist clinic, but home treatment kits are available, although they are quite expensive. You can read more about this treatment in the separate leaflet called Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis).
What are the complications of excess foot sweating?
- Excessively sweaty or smelly feet are socially embarrassing and can cause enormous distress to those affected.
- This can include young people, who may become socially isolated and avoid useful activities as a result.
- Increased dampness of the feet also increases the chance of foot infections such as athlete's foot, and of cuts to and breaks in the skin, leading to other infections.
- In people with other conditions which put the feet at risk, such as diabetes, peripheral neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease, excess sweating (hyperhidrosis) can contribute to the risks of foot infection leading to more serious conditions such as a skin infection (called cellulitis) and ulceration.
Why do my feet sweat?
Sweating is normal. It has three main functions:
- Heat regulation - sweating cools the body by wetting the surface of the skin.
- Excretion - another way for the body to get rid of water and salts.
- Skin protection - sweat is slightly acidic and this helps protect the skin from germs (bacteria). Sweat also helps keep the skin supple.
Sweating on the soles has a fourth possible function of increasing friction on bare feet. This is thought to have helped our ancestors to increase the grip of feet on the ground when running from predators or any other threat.
Sweat is produced in sweat glands, which are distributed all over the body. With the exception of specialised sweat glands in the armpit and groin, most sweat glands are of a type called eccrine glands. They are set deep in the skin and are served by nerves and arteries.
The number of working sweat glands varies between parts of the body - and also between different people. In a pair of feet there are normally about 250,000 sweat glands which typically produce about half a pint of perspiration a day. Sweat glands are more concentrated on the feet than in any other part of the body.
When sweating activity is low only a small proportion of the glands will be working - as sweating increases, more glands are 'recruited'. The differences between people in terms of how much they sweat are in part due to how quickly and readily their glands are called into action.
Sweat is mostly water. However, it does contain some salts, including sodium chloride - which is why it has a salty taste.
How much do feet normally sweat?
The total amount of sweat we produce depends on the number of working sweat glands and their activity. This activity is regulated by nerves and hormones and affected by gender (men sweat more than women). When all the sweat glands are working at maximum capacity, the rate of perspiration for a human being may exceed three litres an hour.
Apocrine glands are found in the armpit and groin. These differ from eccrine glands in that their sweat contains hormones, proteins and sebum and is oily and cloudy. However, they are not present in the feet.
What makes you sweat more?
Excessive sweating most often occurs on palms, soles, face, scalp and armpits. Anyone can experience it. However, it's more common in teenagers and pregnant women because hormonal changes make them sweat more. The common causes of increased foot sweating are:
- Heat - both external heat and also high body temperature (fever). Sweating is an important way of reducing body temperature when it threatens to rise. In heatstroke, when the eccrine glands become exhausted and unable to sweat, the body temperature rises rapidly and can lead to death.
- Strenuous activity and a warm environment will contribute to sweaty feet.
- Emotion. Excess foot sweating is brought on by anxiety or emotional stress.
- Eating (this usually affects only the head and neck).
- Damage to the sympathetic nerves. These are a special set of nerves involved in stress responses. This can be due to trauma or to medical conditions such as diabetes.
- Footwear. Some shoes and socks can increase the amount of sweat you produce and may prevent it from evaporating.
- Being on your feet all day. You're more likely to have sweaty feet if you're standing all day.
- Obesity. Being overweight is associated with increased sweating.
- Generalised excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis). Sweaty feet are seen in people with generalised hyperhidrosis (see below). Sometimes hyperhidrosis affects the feet only. See the separate leaflet called Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis) for more information about this condition.
- Some prescribed medications - particularly some antidepressants. Some medicines can occasionally cause increased sweating which may be extreme.
- Some medical conditions. Some conditions can cause occasional or constant heavy sweating which is usually, but not always, generalised. Examples are:
- Having blood sugar (glucose) which is higher than normal (diabetes).
- Heart valve infection (endocarditis).
- Generalised anxiety disorder.
- An overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism).
- Cancer of the blood (leukaemia).
- Cancer in the cells of the body's lymphatic system (lymphoma).
- Tuberculosis infection.
- Excess sweating can also occur for very little obvious reason.
Each foot has approximately 125,000 sweat glands. The soles contain more glands per square centimeter than any other part of the body. They produce approximately half a pint of perspiration daily.
Feet have more sweat glands per square inch than any other area of your body, so it's no surprise that everyone experiences sweaty feet from time to time. It's normal for feet to sweat more when it's hot or you're participating in a strenuous activity that elevates your body temperature.
It is common to have sweaty feet at times, but excessive sweating can indicate a condition called hyperhidrosis. Sweaty feet can also lead to other health issues, such as foot odor, athlete's foot, and toenail fungus.
Wash your feet daily with an antibacterial soap; be sure to wash between the toes. Dry the feet thoroughly, then apply cornstarch, foot powder, or an antifungal powder to your feet. Wear wicking socks made of natural or acrylic fiber blends that draw the moisture away from your feet instead of trapping it.
The most concentrated area of sweat glands is on the bottom of our feet while the least concentrated area of sweat glands is on our back. Women have more sweat glands than men, but men's are more active.
“Moisture-wicking fabrics include polyester, merino wool, and nylon [and they] allow the sweat to evaporate so the socks can dry faster.” Other moisture-wicking materials include lycra and CoolMax technology fabrics, which are a combination of spandex, wool, or cotton.
Why? Because their feet are extra sweaty and become home to bacteria called Kyetococcus sedentarius (say: kite-oh-KAH-kus SEH-den-tair-ee-us). These bacteria produce more than just stinky organic acids — they also produce stuff called volatile sulfur compounds. Sulfur compounds usually are powerful and awful smelling.
When a person has hyperhidrosis, their feet can sweat under any circumstance. It is not only from heat or exercise, but also under peculiar situations like when their feet are perfectly cool. Many of these people even notice their feet sweating when they aren't wearing socks or shoes.
This condition is known as hypohidrosis, or anhidrosis. It can affect your entire body, a single area, or scattered areas. The inability to sweat can cause overheating. This can lead to heat stroke, which is a potentially life-threatening condition.
Trench foot, or immersion foot syndrome, is a serious condition that results from your feet being wet for too long. The condition first became known during World War I, when soldiers got trench foot from fighting in cold, wet conditions in trenches without the extra socks or boots to help keep their feet dry.
Why are my feet sweating but are cold? Sweating can make feet feel cold when evaporation cools the feet quickly. This can often be caused by nervousness – literally “getting cold feet.” Lack of adequate blood flow to the feet through the arteries can also make the feet cold.
They have more sweat glands than any other part of the body. These glands release sweat all throughout the day to help cool your body and keep your skin moist. Everyone's feet sweat, but teenagers and pregnant women are most prone to very sweaty feet because their bodies produce hormones that make them sweat more.
Athletic shoes using nylon mesh for breathability are also recommended for sweaty feet. Since a lot of sweat is absorbed by insoles or the uppers of shoes, don't wear the same pair every day, and allow them to dry out before wearing them again. Detachable insoles are also a good idea.
Antiperspirants are considered the first line of treatment for excessive sweating and can be used nearly anywhere on the body where sweating is a problem. That's right, antiperspirants are not just for your underarms – you can use them on your hands, feet, face, back, chest, and even groin.
Wearing several pairs of socks can keep your feet warm and toasty, but it also seals the sweat in, causing foot odor. Wearing two or more pairs of socks can cause friction, which can cause corns or calluses to develop, resulting in excessive sweating and odor.
Interestingly, feet are usually the sweatiest part of the human body because each foot has approximately 250,000 sweat glands.
Thin skin covers most of the body and contains sweat glands, in addition to hair follicles, hair arrector muscles, and sebaceous glands. Exceptions are the vermillion border of the lips, external ear canal, nail beds, glans penis, clitoris, and labia minora, which do not contain sweat glands.
Sweat glands occur all over the body, but are most numerous on the forehead, the armpits, the palms and the soles of the feet. Sweat is mainly water, but it also contains some salts. Its main function is to control body temperature. As the water in the sweat evaporates, the surface of the skin cools.
Kinda. But socks shouldn't always be the star of the show anyway. A general rule of thumb is that white socks are for casual settings and darker socks are more formal. When it comes to deciding between white or black socks with your sneakers though, it really just comes down to personal preference.
Compression can increase circulation by up to 40%. Ever have sweaty feet? The natural wicking properties of the alpaca and merino wool in Vive Wear Compression Socks move the sweat away from the foot and leg, keeping lower limbs dry in all temperatures.
Your Socks Are Synthetic
That dark, warm, damp environment makes your feet a bacteria playground. Even if they're naturally occurring, bacteria can quickly grow out of control, leading to a stink-fest.
Bromodosis, or smelly feet, is a very common medical condition. It's due to a buildup of sweat, which results bacteria growth on the skin. These bacteria cause bad odors. Fungal infections like athlete's foot can also lead to bromodosis.
Corynebacteria. A bacterial skin infection caused by corynebacteria can cause sweat to smell like vinegar or other strong scents.
Soak your feet in a solution of 1 tablespoon baking soda to 1 quart water for 15 minutes a couple of times a week to help restore pH balance of the feet and reduce bacteria. Mix lemon juice or vinegar with water and soak your feet in it to attack bacteria.
Not only do socks absorb moisture, but they are also used to help prevent rubbing of shoes on the bare foot. Socks can also provide cushioning to pad the feet and help keep them warm. As we are going into the fall and winter months, socks can help prevent cold feet and even frostbite.
The main risk of not wearing socks is that it increases your chances of developing athlete's foot and similar infections. When you wear shoes without socks, there isn't a layer of material between your foot and your shoe to absorb the sweat.
Foods such as garlic, onions, cumin, and curry can also cause changes in body odor. The sulfur-like compounds that the body releases as it breaks down these foods can react with the sweat on the skin, producing body odor that may be different than a person's natural scent.
Sweat glands help our skin filter toxins out of the body, which in turn boosts our immune system. Sweating also cools our body and maintains proper body temperature.
Body odor is what you smell when your sweat comes in contact with the bacteria on your skin. Sweat itself doesn't smell, but when the bacteria on your skin mix with your sweat, it causes an odor. Body odor can smell sweet, sour, tangy or like onions. The amount you sweat doesn't necessarily impact your body odor.
When you feel tired and have pain on your feet and legs due to walking and standing for hours all day long, you should soak your feet and legs in “cold water” because it can helps constrict your blood vessels and reduce the inflammatory chemical mediators so that the swelling and inflammation in the muscles are reduced ...
When water seeps through your footwear, your skin absorbs the water causing your feet to become waterlogged, wrinkly and even smell.
Typically, it can take up to 30 minutes for feet to air dry and even then, you probably aren't airing out the areas between your toes properly before stuffing them into socks and shoes. Fungus thrives in moist environments, so by cutting down on excess moisture, there's less of a chance it will grow.
The physical symptoms associated with anxiety disorder may include: cold, clammy (or sweaty) hands and feet.
People with type 1 diabetes may find that they sweat excessively in the upper body but that the lower body, including the feet, is less likely to sweat. The most common reasons for unusual sweating in people with diabetes are: low blood sugar levels. diabetes-related nervous system damage.
Your sleepwear and sleep environment
Ram says that the most common reason for night sweats are: Bedding, sleepwear or even a mattress that doesn't "breathe" A sleep environment that's too warm.
“If you're someone with sweaty feet, these are not the shoes for you,” Dr. Barrow emphasizes. “Your feet will sweat and because [they're made of] a nonporous material, that sweat is just sitting there and not wicking away.”
The lowdown: Constructed with top-of-the-line air-cooled memory foam, these Skechers classic fit sneakers are an excellent choice for sweaty feet. In addition to the cooling footbeds, they feature mesh fabric that offers breathability and prevents perspiration from pooling.
Simply swipe the back and sides of your foot before throwing on your just-purchased heels or flats. The deodorant acts as a barrier, protecting your skin from friction. (Thanks Mashable!)
Put simply, they secrete at all times, not just in response to heat or exercises like other parts of the body. Did you know that the average foot has 250,000 sweat glands? That's a lot of glands to be able to produce foot sweat. Meaning they are capable of producing up to half a litre of sweat a day.
How Much Does the Average Person Sweat? The human body has approximately 3 million sweat glands, and the average person sweats up to 1.5 gallons per day. Active or hard working adults can sweat a maximum of four gallons (or 15 liters) a day, depending on their activity level and temperature.
Humans have ~2–4 million eccrine sweat glands in total and are found on both glabrous (palms, soles) and non-glabrous (hairy) skin [13–15].
Since humans are born with two to four million sweat glands and our underarms contain only approximately two percent of them, miraDry® does not prohibit the body from being able to safely cool itself. You will continue to sweat normally in other areas of the body.
People sweat due to heat, stress, and a range of other causes. One area of the body that commonly becomes sweaty is the feet. Several techniques can help people to manage and prevent sweaty feet. These include soaking the feet in black tea, using antiperspirant, and choosing appropriate footwear. Learn more here.
Those with excessive sweating of the feet, called plantar hyperhidrosis, can struggle to keep them dry throughout the day.. The feet contain more sweat glands per inch than any other part of the body.. There are approximately 125,000 sweat glands on each foot.. Avoid patent or plastic shoes as they do not allow a good airflow and may trap sweat inside the shoe.. Look for absorbent or deodorizing insoles to wick away moisture and prevent foot odors.. Washing sweaty feet not only rinses away sweat and bacteria but cools the skin down and reduces further sweating.. Hot shoes will make feet warmer and more sweaty.. Try to avoid wearing the same pair of shoes on 2 consecutive days.. This will instantly dry out the feet and stop foot odors.. To perform this test, they will apply an iodine solution to the feet.. Once the iodine has soaked in, the doctor will sprinkle cornstarch over the feet.. Good foot hygiene is essential to managing excessive sweating and preventing foot odors and infection.. If home remedies are unsuccessful, a doctor will be able to recommend stronger treatment options for hyperhidrosis of the feet.
The good news is that there are tips that can get you under control. Here we reveal the most common causes and the remedies to avoid that extra moisture.
When the sweat on the feet is excessive (to levels that get to wet the sock or shoes) it becomes a concern, it is called hyperhidrosis.. This could also be not recommended if you sweat excessively, since rubbing could cause blisters and chafing on the sole of the foot.. Proper hydration helps the body stay cool is very important.. If you don’t drink enough water, your body will have a hard time regulating its temperature, resulting in more sweating.. Sprinkling some talcum powder before putting on your socks, between the toes and the sole of the foot, is a good option to reduce sweat and the sensation of slipping.. On the other hand, iontophoresis is also common.
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But why do my feet sweat so much in sandals?. Why do my feet sweat so much in sandal why are my feet sweating but are cold how to stop feet from sweating in sandals why do my feet sweat in bed why are my feet sweating all of a sudden why do my feet sweat without socks hyperhidrosis feet treatment how to cure sweaty feet. Switch up your shoesWhen you are wearing sandals, your feet sweat a lot more than when you are wearing shoes.. How to stop feet from sweating in sandals?When you are wearing sandals, your feet are not able to cool down as easily as when you are wearing shoes.. By taking the time to wash your feet every day, you’re helping to prevent all of these problems and more!. When your feet are sweaty, it’s because of the way that sweat evaporates from your skin.. Finally, you might have sweaty feet because you are not wearing any socks with them.. These smells can be really strong when you wear sandals, because the shoes are not as tightly fitted to your feet as regular shoes.
the act or manner or an instance of treating someone or something: such as; conduct or behavior towards another; the action or manner of dealing with something (such as a topic) often in a specified way… See the full definition
1 : the act or manner or an instance of treating someone or something: such as. … he always treated people with whom he disagreed with utmost civility and never allowed his scholarly predispositions to interfere with respectful treatment of students holding differing views.. — LSA [Linguistic Society of America] Bulletin. b : the action or manner of dealing with something (such as a topic) often in a specified way. … the best and most comprehensive treatment of American foreign oil policy that has so far been written.— Burton I. Kaufman … cinematic treatments of organized crime as GoodFellas, Godfather III and Miller's Crossing.— Ralph Novak … most of us readers assume that this conflict of interest is the reason PC Magazine reviews of Microsoft products are softball treatments that in no way reflect the actual experiences of users, who are plagued with constant program crashes.— Joseph Kristl. c : the action or way of treating a patient or a condition medically or surgically : management and care to prevent, cure, ameliorate, or slow progression of a medical conditiontreatment of accident victims palliative treatment of inoperable cancer treatment of a blocked artery infertility treatmentstreatment of diabetic patients. also : an instance of treating a patient or medical condition. patients requiring numerous chemotherapy treatments Removal of the skin growth required a single treatment.. d : subjection of something to the action of an agent or process. sewage treatment It is the most economical and practical method of purification and treatment of water.— Business Insider (online) a wastewater treatment plant. — Vogue Regularly apply a waterproofing treatment suitable for the boot whether it be normal leather, nubuck or suede.— Rodney ChesterWainscoting is paneling that lines the lower part of the walls in a room.. This decorative treatment usually goes as high as chair rail height, but can be raised higher for a more elegant wall treatment.— Denise Freese
Learn more about monkeypox in the United States.
People with severe disease (e.g., hemorrhagic disease, confluent lesions, sepsis, encephalitis, or other conditions requiring hospitalization) People who may be at high risk of severe disease: People with immunocompromise (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome infection, leukemia, lymphoma, generalized malignancy, solid organ transplantation, therapy with alkylating agents, antimetabolites, radiation, tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, high-dose corticosteroids, being a recipient with hematopoietic stem cell transplant <24 months post-transplant or ≥24 months but with graft-versus-host disease or disease relapse, or having autoimmune disease with immunodeficiency as a clinical component) 1 Pediatric populations, particularly patients younger than 8 years of age 2 People with a history or presence of atopic dermatitis, persons with other active exfoliative skin conditions (e.g., eczema, burns, impetigo, varicella zoster virus infection, herpes simplex virus infection, severe acne, severe diaper dermatitis with extensive areas of denuded skin, psoriasis, or Darier disease [keratosis follicularis]) Pregnant or breastfeeding women 3 People with one or more complications (e.g., secondary bacterial skin infection; gastroenteritis with severe nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, or dehydration; bronchopneumonia; concurrent disease or other comorbidities) 4. People with monkeypox virus aberrant infections that include accidental implantation in eyes, mouth, or other anatomical areas where monkeypox virus infection might constitute a special hazard (e.g., the genitals or anus). Data are not available on the effectiveness of tecovirimat in treating monkeypox infections in people, but studies using a variety of animal species have shown that tecovirimat is effective in treating disease caused by orthopoxviruses.. VIGIV is licensed by FDA [PDF – 18 pages] for the treatment of complications due to vaccinia vaccination including eczema vaccinatum, progressive vaccinia, severe generalized vaccinia, vaccinia infections in individuals who have skin conditions, and aberrant infections induced by vaccinia virus (except in cases of isolated keratitis).. Data are not available on the effectiveness of VIG in treatment of monkeypox virus infection.. Use of VIG has no proven benefit in the treatment of monkeypox and it is unknown whether a person with severe monkeypox infection will benefit from treatment with VIG.. It is unknown whether or not a person with severe monkeypox infection will benefit from treatment with Cidofovir, although its use may be considered in such instances.
Gingivitis: Causes And Treatment
Gingivitis is a periodontal dental disease that can lead to gum infection.. Cardiovascular disease: People with periodontal disease are two-to-three times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than those with healthy gums, according to Harvard Health.. Respiratory infections: People with untreated periodontal disease can breathe in the bacteria, acids and toxins lurking in their gums, which can then settle in the lungs and cause respiratory problems—everything from pneumonia to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).. Preterm birth: Having periodontitis (a severe form of gum disease that leads to tooth loss) can increase a person’s chance of having a preterm birth (before 37 weeks gestation) six-fold, putting their babies at risk for health problems such as low birth weight and digestive and breathing issues, according to research in BMC Pregnancy Childbirth .. Research shows that men with gum disease can be 49% more likely than women to develop kidney cancer, 54% more likely to develop pancreatic cancer and 30% more likely to develop blood cancers, notes the AAP.. #PreviewProductRatingPrice1 DenTek Professional Oral Care Kit No ratings yet$6.43 Buy on Amazon 2 Dental Tools, Plaque Remover for Teeth,... 41,442 Reviews$9.97 Buy on Amazon 3 Plaque Remover For Teeth Cleaning Kit - Gum... No ratings yet$28.98 Buy on Amazon 4 Teeth Cleaning Kit with LED Light, 4 Replaceable... No ratings yet$29.74 Buy on Amazon 5 Plaque Remover for Teeth – Ultrasonic Tooth... 1,008 Reviews$42.99 Buy on Amazon