The 5 Most Common Psychological Disorders Today (2022)

Why does it make sense to discuss psychological disorders when talking about substance abuse? For starters, there’s a good chance that a mental illness may be one of the reasons for someone’s struggle with addiction. Secondly, the presence of mental health disorders can get worse during times of substance abuse. What conditions should you be aware of?

Jump to a Section...

(Video) Top 3 Most common Psychological disorders explained

Stigma Leads to the Absence of a Diagnosis

Although mental illness is very common, it isn’t common for most people to admit that their is a problem. For various reasons, individuals who have psychological disorders or simply battle with their mental health, often they hesitate to come forward. They may not feel comfortable seeking out a diagnosis because no one really wants to admit that they may not be “normal”. As a result, they cannot adequately meet their mental health needs and more often than not, they person will begin self-medicating with drugs and/or alcohol keeps unwelcome thoughts and feelings at bay, keeping the person in a vicious cycle of mental illness and substance abuse.

Below is a list of the most common mental disorders that lead to dual diagnosis:

(Video) 10 Common Mental Illnesses Crash Course

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
    • GAD affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% of the U.S. population, yet only 43.2% are receiving treatment.
    • Women are twice as likely to be affected as men. GAD often co-occurs with major depression.
  • Bi-Polar Disorder (BPD)
    • It may affect as many as 60 million people worldwide.
    • More than half of all patients begin seeing symptoms between the ages of 15 and 25, but it can begin at any age.
    • There is no cure, but for many people state the symptoms can be controlled with treatment.
    • Bipolar Disorder is sometimes referred to as manic depression.
    • Some people may experience mood swings that are less extreme than a full manic episode, known as hypomania
    • People with Bi-Polar Disorder often also have other mental disorders.
  • Eating Disorders
    • 13 percent of women over the age of 50 have symptoms of an eating disorder.
    • The rate of children under 12 being admitted to a hospital for eating disorders rose 119 percent in less than a decade.
    • Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of all mental illnesses, with nearly 1 person dying every hour as a direct result of an eating disorder.
    • Sufferers aren’t always underweight; about 35 percent of binge eating disorders and 30 percent of bulimia patients are medically obese.
    • Anorexia is the 3rd most common mental illness among adolescents, after asthma and obesity.
    • Over 70 percent of those who suffer with eating disorders will not seek treatment due to stigma, misconceptions, lack of education, diagnosis and lack of access to care.
  • Psychotic Disorder
    • Can include but are not limited to Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, Schizophreniform Disorder, Brief Psychotic Disorder, Delusional Disorder & Substance-Induced Psychotic Disorder.
  • Panic Disorder (PD)
    • PD affects 6 million adults, or 2.7% of the U.S. population.
    • Women are twice as likely to be affected as men.
  • Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)
    • SAD affects 15 million adults, or 6.8% of the U.S. population.
    • SAD is equally common among men and women and typically begins around the age of 13. According to a 2007 ADAA survey, 36% of people with social anxiety disorder report experiencing symptoms for 10 or more years before seeking help.
  • Specific Phobias
    • Specific phobias affect 19 million adults, or 8.7% of the U.S. population.
    • Women are twice as likely to be affected as men.
    • Symptoms typically begin in childhood; the average age-of-onset is 7 years old.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are closely related to anxiety disorders, which some may experience at the same time, along with depression.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    • OCD affects 2.2 million adults, or 1.0% of the U.S. population.
    • OCD is an equally psychological disorder common among men and women.
    • The average age of onset is 19, with 25 percent of cases occurring by age 14. One-third of affected adults first experienced mental illness symptoms in childhood.
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • PTSD affects 7.7 million adults, or 3.5% of the U.S. population.
    • Women are more likely to be affected than men.
    • Rape is the most likely trigger of PTSD: 65% of men and 45.9% of women who are raped will develop this type of common mental disorder.
    • Childhood sexual abuse is a strong predictor of lifetime likelihood for developing PTSD.
  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
    • The leading cause of disability in the U.S. for ages 15 to 44 years.
    • MDD affects more than 16.1 million American adults, or about 6.7% of the U.S. population age 18 and older in any given year.
    • While major depressive disorder can develop at any age, the median age at onset is 32.5 years old.
    • More prevalent in women than in men.
  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) * formerly called dysthymia* is a form of depression that usually continues for at least two years.
    • Affects approximately 1.5 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year. (about 3.3 million American adults). Only 61.7% of adults with PDD are receiving treatment. The average age of onset is 31 years old.
  • Related & Common Mental Illnesses
    • Many people with an anxiety disorder also have a co-occurring disorder or physical illness, which can make their symptoms worse and recovery more difficult. It’s essential to be treated for both psychological disorders and substance abuse.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are closely related to anxiety disorders, which some may experience at the same time, along with depression.

Most Common Co-Occurring Disorders (Dual Diagnosis)

  • Major Depression AND Stimulant Abuse/Addiction
  • cocaine, methamphetamine, and prescription stimulants, like Ritalin, Adderall and Concerta.
  • Panic Disorder AND Alcohol Abuse/Addiction
  • Wine and/or Spirits.
  • Schizophrenia AND Poly-Drug Abuse/Addiction and Alcohol Abuse/Addiction
  • Drugs Used in Conjunction with Methamphetamines: Ecstasy, Cocaine, Dexamphetamine (Dexies) GHB (Liquid Ecstasy), Ketamine and/or LSD.
  • Wine and/or Spirits.
  • Borderline Personality Disorder with Episodic Poly-Drug Abuse/Addiction
  • The Addict is in an Intoxicated State Without any Preference to a Particular Drug and/or Substance.

In a lot of cases, addiction and substance abuse appears to actually be the cause of common mental disorders, while in other cases, the opposite may occur.

Several common mental disorders come from similar factors such as addictive disorders; family history, brain chemistry and trauma in ones’ life. When it comes to recovery from co-occurring disorders and dual diagnosis, treatment must target both the mental illness AND the addictive disorder in order to produce effective, lasting and long term sobriety.

Common Psychological Disorders Frequently Affect Substance Abuse Patients

In the absence of a mental health checkup, subsequent psychological disorder diagnosis, and eventual overall health treatment, individuals often feel helpless because they often confuse addiction as just that, addiction. In more cases than not, it’s a missed dual diagnosis of a mental illness or mental disorder that leads to the addiction or substance abuse.

(Video) 10 Symptoms of Psychiatry | most common psychological disorders | mental illness test | osmosis

They may know that something’s wrong but attempt to deal with the addiction or substance abuse on their own. Self-medication with drugs or alcohol is the most common result because of the stigma attached to psychological disorders. For this and the following reasons, a dual diagnosis treatment center can mean the difference between remaining an addict and long term mental health healing:

  • Comprehensive mental health evaluation pinpoints the primary psychological disorder and any secondary conditions.
  • Targeted therapies for mental disorders/mental illnesses management include talk therapy and prescribed medication use.
  • Development of coping skills, which take into account the effects of mental health disorders on daily life and activities.

Is it possible to undergo inpatient or outpatient treatment without a dual diagnosis? Although you could most certainly seek out this type of treatment, most would only only spot-fix the symptoms creating a much higher chance of relapse. While you might be able to give up the drug and/or alcohol for a little while, the underlying condition remains in place. Before long, there’s a high probability that you’ll return to using for self-medication and only increasing the severity of the psychological disorder and substance abuse.

The co-occurring condition (dual diagnosis) approach offers you a long-term way out of addiction and mental illness and helps pave the way to sobriety and sanity. Sure, there might still be setbacks along the way, but the therapies work to help you cope with REAL life. As you continue your mental health treatment and substance abuse counseling, you have a greater chance of remaining on track with rehabilitation aftercare which leads to long term sobriety and a healthier mind.

(Video) Categories of mental disorders | Behavior | MCAT | Khan Academy

Is Mental Illness & Substance Abuse Adversely Affecting You?

It is possible that a mental disorder or illness is contributing to the substance abuse problem you may be experiencing right now, if you have the “not so” common ability to recognize that – then now is the time to seek REAL and lasting mental health treatment. Getting treatment for a common psychological disorder with dual diagnosis, will be stressful; but it doesn’t have to be difficult; let us show you how.

Consider this your first real step to taking back control by seeking only the best professional help, and get your life back! One quick call to the qualified staff at 1st Step Behavioral Health can put you on the road to sobriety. Call (855) 425-4846 now or contact us here!

FAQs

What are the 5 most common disorders? ›

The five most common mental health disorders include depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse and attention deficit disorder ADD/ADHD. Millions of people suffer from these disorders in the United States and around the world.

What psychological disorders are the most common? ›

Of those, the three most common diagnoses are anxiety disorders, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These three conditions make up around 30 percent of all diagnoses of mental illness in America.

What are the 7 psychological disorders? ›

What Are the 7 types of Mental Disorders?
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Mood Disorders.
  • Psychotic Disorders.
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Personality Disorders.
  • Dementia.
  • Autism.
Apr 6, 2021

What are the 10 psychological disorders? ›

  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Depression.
  • Psychosis.
  • Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Trauma.
  • Co-occurring Substance Use Disorder and Addiction.

What are the 3 most common psychological disorders? ›

The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder.

What are the top 10 most common mental illnesses? ›

The top 10 mental health issues and illnesses include anxiety disorders, bipolar affective disorders, depression, dissociative disorders, eating disorders, paranoia, PTSD, psychosis, schizophrenia and OCD. One in four adult Americans will have a diagnosable mental disorder at any given time.

What is the number 1 mental illness? ›

Depression. Impacting an estimated 300 million people, depression is the most-common mental disorder and generally affects women more often than men.

What's the most serious mental illness? ›

Serious mental illness includes schizophrenia; the subset of major depression called “severe, major depression”; the subset of bipolar disorder classified as “severe” and a few other disorders. Therefore total “severe” mental illness in adults by diagnosis: 5.3% of the population without accounting for overlap.

What are the top 3 most common mental illnesses? ›

The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder.

What is the number one mental illness? ›

Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health concern in the United States. Over 40 million adults in the U.S. (19.1%) have an anxiety disorder. Meanwhile, approximately 7% of children aged 3-17 experience issues with anxiety each year. Most people develop symptoms before age 21.

Stigma Leads to the Absence of a Diagnosis Most Common Co-Occurring Disorders (Dual Diagnosis) Common Psychological Disorders Frequently Affect Substance Abuse Patients. Psychotic Disorder Can include but are not limited to Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder , Schizophreniform Disorder , Brief Psychotic Disorder , Delusional Disorder & Substance-Induced Psychotic Disorder .. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are closely related to anxiety disorders , which some may experience at the same time, along with depression.. Related & Common Mental Illnesses Many people with an anxiety disorder also have a co-occurring disorder or physical illness, which can make their symptoms worse and recovery more difficult.. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are closely related to anxiety disorders , which some may experience at the same time, along with depression.. In the absence of a mental health checkup, subsequent psychological disorder diagnosis, and eventual overall health treatment, individuals often feel helpless because they often confuse addiction as just that, addiction.In more cases than not, it’s a missed dual diagnosis of a mental illness or mental disorder that leads to the addiction or substance abuse.. The five most common mental health disorders include depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse and attention deficit disorder ADD/ADHD .. The top 10 mental health issues and illnesses include anxiety disorders, bipolar affective disorders, depression, dissociative disorders, eating disorders, paranoia, PTSD, psychosis, schizophrenia and OCD .. Serious mental illness includes schizophrenia ; the subset of major depression called “severe, major depression”; the subset of bipolar disorder classified as “severe” and a few other disorders.

Mental illness comes in many forms, including those that have a severe impact on daily activity.. There are several different types of depression : persistent depressive disorder; post-partum depression; psychotic depression; and seasonal affective disorder.. Doctors often recommend some type of therapy before beginning medications.. There are several types of anxiety disorders but generalized anxiety disorder seems to be the most common.. Similar to how depression is treated, anxiety can also be treated with medications and counseling.. Phobias can stop a person from completing tasks and sometimes from even leaving their own house in more severe cases.. Examples of eating disorders include anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating.. Treatment for anorexia includes individual therapy, supervised weight gain, and family therapy.. Activities can be addictive too.. These medicines have had success but for some, they become addicted to the replacement medicines.. Most addicts will tell you the reason they don’t just stop using drugs or alcohol is because withdrawal symptoms are so painful.. To treat a person with ADD or ADHD a comprehensive evaluation is needed by a qualified medical professional.. Psychotherapy and family therapy are important for the person with attention disorders.. Causes of the attention deficit disorders can include genetics and heredity, a brain injury and even the types of foods a person eats can trigger symptoms of the disorder.. Whether suffering from depression, anxiety, eating disorders, attention deficit or substance abuse disorders, it is recommended you seek help.

A mental illness is any disorder that affects mental health, that is, conditions that alter mood, behavior and thinking.. Depression is a serious and common mental illness.. Treatments with antidepressant medications and / or psychological therapies help resolve many cases of depression.. Anxiety is a mental illness in which those affected experience very intense worries and fears in daily situations , something that can lead to panic attacks and that ends up affecting the person's daily life.. The causes are not too clear, although it is believed that there are people with a greater genetic tendency to suffer from this disorder, which awakens to the experience of traumatic events or to go through painful experiences.. Treatments with antidepressant medications or some specific ones for anxiety and / or psychological therapies help to resolve many cases of anxiety.. Medication treatments and / or psychological therapies help resolve many cases of phobias.. Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses and should be treated as such.. Antidepressant drug treatments and / or psychological therapies help solve many cases of eating disorders.. Going from being euphoric to being invaded by sadness ends up affecting the person, who develops the following symptoms: weakness, tiredness, insomnia, loss of the ability to think clearly, problems in personal relationships, etc.. Despite the absence of a cure, drug treatments and / or psychotherapy greatly reduce symptoms, allowing, in many cases, the person to lead a practically normal life.. There is no cure, although medications temporarily relieve symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease as much as possible so that the person maintains independence for as long as possible.. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental illness suffered by millions of children around the world and which, although it is not common, can continue into adulthood.. For this reason, it is important to treat ADHD during childhood, since, although there is no cure, medications and / or psychotherapy help a lot to alleviate the symptoms, making the child concentrate better and not present as much hyperactivity.. Borderline personality disorder is a mental illness in which the affected person experiences turbulent and unstable emotions, which translates into impulsive behaviors and in a difficulty to maintain social relationships.

Depression or major depressive disorder is a serious mood disorder, which significantly affects how people think, feel, and act.. It is estimated that around 6.7 percent or one in 15 adults experience depression in any given year, and approximately 16.6 percent or one in six people experience this disorder at some point in their lifetime.. People with panic disorder experience spontaneous panic attacks along with the constant fear of having recurring attacks.. Panic disorder may also occur with other physical and mental disorders, which include depression, anxiety disorders, asthma, substance abuse, or irritable bowel syndrome .. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder, wherein obsessions and unwanted recurring ideas or sensations make people do certain things repetitively and compulsively.. Also commonly called as social phobia, social anxiety disorder is characterized by the intense fear of being negatively evaluated, judged, or rejected in social situations.. People with social anxiety disorder tend to worry about being viewed by others as boring, awkward, or stupid, which is why they usually avoid performance and social situations.. People with social anxiety disorder may also experience full-blown attacks when they force themselves to face their feared situations.. Although attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is more commonly observed in people who have learning difficulties, this disorder can also occur in people with intellectual disabilities.

While the latter focuses on how the brain functions, the former is a condition of wellness in which a person understands and appreciates his own ability, copes with the normal stresses of life, works productively, and is able to be involved in developing his or her community.. Here are some of the common mental health disorders, their types, and how they usually develop in a person.. If the patient’s response is not appropriate for the situation, cannot control the said response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning, doctors can determine that he or she may have developed a type of anxiety disorder.. Two of the usual and distinct symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations and delusions.. Antisocial personality disorder Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder Paranoid personality disorder Borderline personality disorder Histrionic personality disorder Narcissistic personality disorder Dependent personality disorder Avoidant personality disorder

Often, the causes are not physical (such as medical illnesses) nor do patients experience psychological symptoms.. disorders related to anxiety disorders that affect the mood disorders related to the misuse of psychoactive substances various types of impulse control problems , such as behavior disorders or bulimia nervosa. We have also included two other, very relevant, types of mental disorders: schizophrenia and other disorders on the psychotic spectrum (which can be very disabling), and personality disorders, which have to do with the worsening of specific features and patterns of problematic behaviors.. Schizophrenia is the most well-known and symbolic disorder in the category of psychotic disorders , although the schizoaffective disorder (a combination of psychosis and a mood disorder) or brief psychotic episodes induced by substances are also relatively common.. Personality disorders are a relatively common type of psychological problem but not well known to most people.

Unfortunately for some people, these scary feelings are an every day reality.. While only a small percentage of people are forced to live with the mental disorders described above, the fact remains that 450 million people worldwide suffer from mental illness .. While all of these mental illnesses and many others that we did not list can be scary for those suffering, there are a few rare psychotic disorders that are especially terrifying.. Those with this scary, but fortunately rare, mental disorder experience a complete loss of control of a hand or limb.. Known also as Body Integrity Disorder and Amputee Identity Disorder, Apotemnophilia is a neurological disorder characterized by the overwhelming desire to amputate or damage healthy parts of the body.. Capgras Delusion is relatively rare, and is most often seen after trauma to the brain, or in those who have been diagnosed with dementia, schizophrenia, epilepsy, or an anxiety disorder .. Diogenes Syndrome is more commonly referred to as simply “hoarding,” and is one of the most misunderstood mental disorders .. Those who suffer from Stendahl Syndrome may not have a history of mental illness or mental disorders .

Videos

1. 10 Rare Psychological Disorders You May Not Know About
(Psych2Go)
2. Top 10 Most Common Psychological Disorders
(Brain Overload)
3. Types of Psychological Disorders – Behavioral Health | Lecturio
(Lecturio Medical)
4. 5 Most Common Mental Health Disorders
(WFSB 3)
5. Top 5 Most Common Mental Health Disorders
(Mental Health Network (MHN))
6. Top 5 most Common psychological disorders explained | தமிழில் | Understanding mental health
(DAILY RHYTHMS தமிழ்)

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Catherine Tremblay

Last Updated: 07/25/2022

Views: 6439

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (47 voted)

Reviews: 94% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Catherine Tremblay

Birthday: 1999-09-23

Address: Suite 461 73643 Sherril Loaf, Dickinsonland, AZ 47941-2379

Phone: +2678139151039

Job: International Administration Supervisor

Hobby: Dowsing, Snowboarding, Rowing, Beekeeping, Calligraphy, Shooting, Air sports

Introduction: My name is Catherine Tremblay, I am a precious, perfect, tasty, enthusiastic, inexpensive, vast, kind person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.